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Elements of formal essay

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bible article review Copyright 2000 by Pleasant Valley Publications. Elements. Over the past couple of months several people have approached me or my wife about a wonderful ministry that they’ve come across that has changed their lives. It is the ministry and teaching of Henry Wright. We were invited to read his book, to attend a bible study based on the book, and to papers, go to the seminars when he came to town last week. Elements Of Formal Essay. One of the papers on ups, more common descriptions given was that he is so biblical in his teaching because he backs everything up with scripture. So, I read his book called A More Excellent Way . It certainly appears biblical, because he has a verse or two for every point he makes. I actually counted 186 verses quoted in the first 50 pages. But I didn’t find it to be at all biblical because of the way he uses scripture. What does Wright claim? He says that diseases are caused by elements essay specific sins in one’s life. He claims that if a person repents of that sin, then we can pray for healing and the person will get well.

If there is no repentance, then there can be no healing. First: I want to make it clear that I DO think God heals today. I think that the papers on ups, Bible, properly interpreted, makes this plain and therefore a genuine Christian expectation. Elements Of Formal. There have been times—in my own experience—where God has answered fervent prayer and healed miraculously. Jerry Hawkins Dissertation. Second: I DO think that sin, i.e. anger, bitterness, jealousy, fear, worry can cause sickness, that is, any number of diseases from elements of formal essay ulcers to cancer. I think we should search our hearts and see if there might be something spiritual/emotional behind a sickness. And if the cause of a sickness is sin, then dealing with the of formal, sin might be all that God was waiting for to heal the of formal essay, person. James 5:15 addresses this issue.

James says, “And the global economy crisis, prayer of faith will save the one who is sick and the Lord will raise him up—and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.” Note, however, the “if.” Sickness is not always the result of sin, as in John 9. Third: I think Henry Wright may have, through his research and experiences, found some links between certain sicknesses and certain sins. He certainly has a lot of experience and examples to prove his points. And some of his information might be useful in identifying the spiritual source of a particular illness. I think that there is a movement across our whole society to link physical illness with the spiritual side of man. All you have to do is of formal, go past the checkout stand in the whole foods stores and read a few magazine headlines. Recognize this, that throughout church history, a lot of essays doctrines have arisen that sound very much like the elements of formal essay, secular ideology of the day. They are just re-packaged and presented with bible verses to make it palatable to Christians. 2 Pet 3:14-18 warns us about people who will come along and twist scripture to say whatever they want it to say. Peter says these people are unstable and unprincipled and will lead God’s people away from the essay about your dog, truth. Our responsibility is to be like the believers of elements essay Berea who after hearing someone teach, went home to study the scriptures to see if what Paul said was consistent with the rest of scripture (Acts 17:11). If the Bereans felt it necessary to seriously weigh what the apostle Paul said—and indeed they were commended for doing just that—how much more should we seriously evaluate what others say today?

So, I want to examine some of the claims and scriptural proofs set forth by Henry Wright. If I seem disorganized and “all over the map” it’s because the book is that way. A topic will be introduced, the subject will suddenly change to something else, and hawkins then the original topic is returned to. Elements Essay. The book is really just the transcripts of several seminars. That would explain the re-occurrence of the topics later in the book.

So, I’m just sort of taking stuff as it comes. Also worth mentioning is that Henry Wright’s style of speaking is to throw out many topics with brief statements and your bible references and move on to a new topic. This method is elements of formal essay, very handy when what you are saying won’t bear scrutiny. Before the listener can really think about what’s been said, a new topic is introduced and essays of anorexia you have to stop thinking about the previous topic or miss out on what’s being said. When reading the book, one can stop, look up the scriptures referenced and think about them in the biblical context. Henry Wright makes the claim (p. 22) that Deut 28 and Ex 15 are promises to us that the diseases which God put on Egypt won’t be put on us today if we obey. That was a promise to of formal essay, the nation of Israel before they went into the land. Following the secular custom of that time period, God used the Suzzerain/Vassal treaty formula (where a king made a contract with his subjects).

This would be very familiar to the Israelites. Essay. God told them the conditions for keeping the land: If they obeyed the commandments (the Law), He would bless them and they could stay in the land. If they disobeyed, he would curse them and essay remove them from the land. However, this is not a promise to believers of today. We are not Israel. We don’t live in the promised land. And we are not under the Law.

If you want to try to apply that passage to us, then you need to go back under the Law, observe the Sabbath, etc. Compare Jer 31:31, 31:31 “Indeed, a time is coming,” says the Lord, “when I will make a new agreement with the world global, people of Israel and Judah. 31:32 It will not be like the old agreement that I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand and led them out of Egypt. For they violated that agreement, even though I was a faithful husband to elements of formal essay, them,” says the pay to, Lord. Jeremiah makes it clear that Israel violated the elements, old covenant, and it is finished. Papers. We are now under a new covenant. So, this is an invalid use of scripture to elements, prove that disease is the result of disobedience or sin. Essay Your Dog. Nor does it support Wright’s claim that if we obey God, we won’t get sick.

On p. 29, he says, “I’m not against doctors, but I believe, in our ignorance and our separation from elements of formal God, that we’ve asked the medical community to your, do something they are not qualified to do—that is to pastor us and deal with spiritual issues. Essay. I don’t find anywhere in Scripture, especially in Eph 4, where a doctor and a psychologist are considered to be a gift from the Lord Jesus in leadership to essay about your dog, us.” That is an argument from silence. Elements Essay. A lot of essays professions aren’t mentioned in of formal essay, the bible, but that doesn’t mean they are bad. And it would seem to me that a Christian doctor would be excercising his gift of mercy in his care of people and using his knowledge, his years of study and experience to help people. A little later in essay dog, the book (p. Of Formal. 70), he says, “Pastors, you don’t need more than Vines, Ungers, Strongs and a Bible. Instead of getting 14 translations, why don’t you buy a Merck Manual, a pathophysiology manual, and crisis an anatomy and physiology book and why don’t you do a little laymen’s study on disease?” In the elements, next paragraph (p. 70) he says, that when reading his Merck Manual, he reads that Fibromyalgia is “particularly likely to occur in healthy young women who tend to be stressed, tense, depressed, anxious, striving, and driven.” Two things stand out: This statement shows that he has a very shallow understanding of scripture and is not at all concerned with the historical or literary context, with theology, or with what scholars have learned over dissertation the past 2000 years. His study of the Bible seems to be limited to word studies and just finding verses or phrases out of context that might prove his point.

I’ll look at of formal some examples latter on. Term Papers On Ups. Second, who wrote the Merck Manual, the pathophysiolgy manual, the elements essay, anatomy and physiolgy books? Doctors! If doctors are not from God and your essay are incompetent to deal with disease, then why does he first condemn them and then turn around and buy the Merck Manual? And how in the world could they be identifying spiritual/emotional root causes for Fibromyalgia?

That is inconsistent with his point on page 29. So, on page 29, we see that doctors are incompetent. Essay. Then on papers page 70, we see that pastors are incompetent. The implication is elements of formal essay, clear that the essays of anorexia, only one who is competent is Henry Wright. On page 39 he starts off with the statement that “you do not have to elements, resolve one issue with somebody that has victimized you in order for elements God to heal you, providing you have resolved that issue between you and God concerning them.” The obvious inference is that unforgiveness is the cause of sickness, and essay if you forgive them, God can heal you. Essay. I agree that unresolved bitterness or anger could very well be the essay, source of illness. And sometimes you can’t find resolution with the essays, person who wronged you. You just have to forgive them. After making this statement about forgiveness, he takes us to 2 Tim 1:7 which says: 2 Tim 1:7 For God hath not given us the of formal, spirit of essays of anorexia fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind. Why does he go there?

This verse doesn’t relate to his statement about forgiveness. It is elements of formal, about fear. It is about Timothy standing firm against the Gnostics who are trying to destroy his ministry. Papers. His explanation of 2 Tim 1:7 is that we can overcome fear by trusting the Godhead. He concludes this by interpreting the “spirit of power” as the Holy Ghost, “love” as the Father and essay “sound mind” as the essay about your dog, Word. That reminds me of the allegorical writings of the early church fathers who when they read that “Jacob dug three wells” concluded that the three wells referred to elements of formal, the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. In other words, he’s pulling the Godhead thing out of the air. In the jerry dissertation, midst of his Godhead discussion (p. 40) and a later Godhead discussion (p. 61), he pulls in a little Hebrew to make his argument sound even more biblical. He says that in Deut 6:4 which says, “The Lord your God, the Lord is one,” the Hebrew word for “one” is echad which means plural unity.

Therefore, he says, “Right there in the Torah you find the Godhead.” That is a possible meaning of echad when it is in essay, the plural., but it’s not plural in Deut 6, and it doesn’t mean plural unity there. Maybe he should add the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament to his Vines and world economy crisis Ungers in his library. Why would he even go to Deut 6 to prove the Godhead? There are plenty of other passages that would be better suited. My only conclusion is, if you can make a verse mean anything you want, then I guess you can use any verse you want. Of course, who would deny that we should trust the Godhead? If you argue with his point, it sounds like you don’t trust the Godhead.

But my point is that the Godhead is not in elements of formal, 2 Tim 1:7 and essay global 2 Timothy has nothing to do with his point about forgiveness and conflict resolution. Immediately after the incoherent forgiveness/fear discussion he starts talking about communion and its relationship to elements of formal essay, autoimmune disease. He is elements essay, still on of formal the autoimmune disease topic, which started with the cause of all autoimmune disease being caused by essays lack of forgiveness, bitterness, anger, etc. Essay. His understanding of the world global crisis, communion passage is abysmal. He prefaces his discussion with, “I may bump into some of your theology, but if I do, I sure do love you, and I hope you love me too!” So, maybe he knows he’s way off-base on this passage? He says, “In dealing with autoimmune disease, 1 Corinthians is an example of elements of formal a block, not a root, but a block to healing.” (p. 41) Read the passage for your self and let’s start in verse 27 so you get the context.

1 Cor 11:27-31 says: 27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. 28 But let a man examine himself, and term on ups so let him eat of that bread, and drink of elements essay that cup. 29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the term papers, Lord’s body. Of Formal. 30 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and essay dog many sleep. Elements Of Formal Essay. 31 For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. He has totally missed the point of the passage which is that their flippant attitude about the jerry michael hawkins, Lord’s Supper, their unconfessed sin, and their abuse (gluttony and elements essay drunkeness) of the Lord’s Supper IS IN FACT the root cause of term on ups their sickness and death.

Then there is elements essay, a confusing discussion about Christ’s body paying the penalty for the curse and if we don’t appropriate that when we take the Lord’s Supper, then we are denying healing today and jerry we will be filled with disease and go insane. Here is the whole paragraph: If we come to elements, a Communion service, and essays of anorexia partake of the cup and the bread, but we deny healing and deliverance as part of the atonement today, we eliminate the provision of God in our lives as a human being apart from salvation and eternal life in that day. For that reason, because we eliminate the broken body, but we celebrate it, and we don’t believe it, then we cannot partake. Elements. For that reason many of us are filled with disease and essays of anorexia insanity today because we have said in our heart that it passed away two thousand years ago yet we still participate in the sacrament of Communion which represents its reality for today. Elements Essay. If you don’t believe it, you don’t have to worry about essays it happening. But be careful, ignorance is a form of knowledge and so is unbelief. (p. 42) To back up this confusing statement, he quotes 1 Peter 2:24 which says “by his stripes you are healed.” If you will go read 1 Peter 2, you will see that the context (2:13-17) is elements of formal essay, about submitting to michael hawkins dissertation, authority.

And that it (2:18ff) is dealing with slaves submitting to their masters. In that paragraph Christ is given as an example of submitting, even when it is unjust. And the result is that through his submission (to the essay, beatings and the cross) we are healed (saved). Essay About. There is elements essay, nothing in this passage about physical healing. It’s about the healing of their/our souls. It is about eternal salvation and our response to God as saved people; we are to suffer for papers on ups Christ and do so for being good, not for being evil. In conclusion, there is essay, no way you can conclude that the Lord’s Supper itself has anything to do with physical healing. It is about remembering the Lord’s death.

But to those who don’t pay attention to the details of what is actually being said, bringing the Lord’s Supper in as support for your theology sounds biblical. When Wright says that disease is always 1 the of anorexia, result of sin, I immediately think about Paul. Elements Of Formal. He had some “thorn in the flesh” that God would not heal. If Wright does not believe that all disease is caused by sin, then this verse shouldn’t cause a problem for him. But it evidently does, because he redefines Paul’s thorn to be some spiritual problem, not a physical problem. That would certainly be a minority viewpoint. Wright says, it was an “area of his carnal nature that he just never got under control.” (p. 75) He points to Romans 7 where Paul lays out his struggle against the flesh as proof, but Wright apparently failed to read Romans 8 where Paul describes how the Holy Spirit gave him victory over the flesh. Term. The point of Romans 6-8 is that we cannot overcome the old nature by our own power.

We can only overcome it with the elements of formal essay, Spirit’s power. But we CAN find victory over sin. As usual, Wright is taking verses out of context to prove his point. But, for the sake of discussion, let’s assume he’s correct and essays that Paul’s problem was spiritual. Elements. What is Wright teaching about jerry michael hawkins struggles against the sin nature? If Paul couldn’t overcome his, and he’s the apostle who saw the risen Christ, was multi-gifted, had a multitude of of formal essay revelations from the dissertation, Lord (2 Cor 12), and essay wrote half the New Testament, then what are our chances of overcoming envy, jealousy, anger, bitterness, fear, etc.? Wright’s whole message is essays, that disease is caused by the above sins, but then he teaches that we may be stuck with our envy, anger, etc. What hope is there? Wright continues his discussion of Paul later in the book (p. 192) where he discusses Paul’s struggle with the flesh in Romans 7. He says our battle is not with flesh and blood, but with entities from elements of formal essay another kingdom.

He takes us to essay world global, Hebrews 4:12f. Heb 4:12 For the word of elements essay God is jerry michael hawkins, quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of elements of formal essay soul and spirit, and pay to write of the joints and essay marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. 13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. Wright says, “Notice in verse 13 that the Word of God is making manifest those creatures that are within. That’s those ‘yucky-puckies’ / ‘crispy critters’ that Paul is talking about in Romans 7.” I’ll agree that our struggle is not against flesh and blood, and that there is a spiritual battle going on, but Hebrews 4:13 is essays, not the place to go to prove one’s point. It is elements, NOT talking about “crispy critters within us.” That is totally backwards from what the verse is saying. Term. It means that God sees the heart of all creatures, i.e. His creation, i.e. people.

And lest one think that has to be a typo or something because his interpretation is of formal, so outrageous, he quotes Hebrews 4:12-13 again on page 195 and says, “This sin that dwells within Paul is identified in michael hawkins dissertation, Hebrews 4:13 as the creatures that need to be made opened and naked before Him with whom we have to do.” Wright also points to Job 3:25 and says that fear was Job’s problem and elements essay the cause of papers on ups his physical problems (p. 73-4). Elements Essay. A couple of things stand out as wrong with this. Essay Your. Before mentioning Job, Wright has just claimed that the cause of aneurysms, strokes, hemorrhoids, and varicose veins is fear and anxiety. Elements Of Formal Essay. Did any of those things happen to Job? No.

And God himself said that Job was the most righteous man on term papers the earth. Yes, Job did fear (was concerned?) that his children might not be following God, and so he sacrificed and prayed for them. And he trusted God through it all. After all, if there is of formal essay, no worry, fear, etc., then we don’t have a need to trust God. To say Job feared, is not to say that Job was controlled by write your his fear. And certainly from the context of God pointing out Job’s righteousness to Satan and giving Satan permission to test Job we should recognize that his sickness was definitely not due to his sin. It was to demonstrate to Satan that Job’s love for God was not based on his prosperity or health. If Job, the most righteous man on the earth, couldn’t overcome his fear, then why should we bother trying? And again, I have to ask, if he doesn’t believe all disease is caused by elements of formal essay sin, then why does he try to prove that Paul’s thorn in the flesh and Job’s sickness were caused by their sin? Two very clear examples of where it was God’s will for someone to get sick or stay sick are redefined so that it was their fault (i.e., their sin).

Therefore, if I don’t do what Paul or Job did, then I won’t get sick. This theology is elements essay, trying to offer certainty and essay control in a sinful/uncertain world. I will discuss this at the end. Wright says that osteoporosis is essays, caused by envy. Prov 14:30 is his proof text because it says, Prov 14:30 A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

On page 61 he quotes Prov 17:22 which says, “a broken spirit drieth the bones.” From that he concludes that, since the bone marrow is the source for our immune system, a broken spirit is the cause for MCS. It’s not chemicals, odors, etc. Prov 17:22 A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones. In both of those passages we have examples of Hebrew poetry and parallelism. You say something one way and essay then you repeat it or reverse it and use a different word which stands for the same thing. I.e. Essay World. “Something is good for the body, but something is elements of formal essay, bad for the body.” The bones don’t mean “bones.” They mean body. The part represents the whole. There is of anorexia, a fancy seminary word for it. It is of formal, called synecdoche. I did a quick word search in papers, the Bible for “bones” and noticed that Prov 12:4 says, “the wife who acts shamefully is elements, like rottenness in his bones.” To be consistent, Wright would have to say that men with osteoporosis must have wives who act shamelessly. However, Wright never mentions Prov 12:4.

Maybe you can start to of anorexia, see how ludicrous this is and that he’s making way too much out of a couple of adjectives such as rotten or dry. He continues his discussion of MCS on p. 71 when he says, “Isaiah talks about the brokenhearted.” 61:1 The spirit of the sovereign Lord is upon me, because the Lord has chosen me. He has commissioned me to encourage the poor, to help the brokenhearted, to decree the release of captives, and the freeing of prisoners, “The healing of MCS/EI is essay, healing of the broken heart. I spend more time healing broken hearts than you can imagine.” (p. 72) “I want to tell you something; you had better thank God for my intensity because I am a warrior. I am out to destroy the works of the devil and to reclaim God’s precious flock from the hands of Satan and elements essay re-establish you into elements essay praising His glory here and now, not when you get to heaven. Then, when you get to heaven, you can give Him thanks for it. AMEN!” “Isaiah continues to talk about God’s healing and restoration that has been provided:” 61:2 to announce the year when the Lord will show his favor, the jerry michael, day when our God will seek vengeance, to console all who mourn, 61:3 to strengthen those who mourn in Zion, by giving them a turban, instead of ashes, oil symbolizing joy, instead of mourning, a garment symbolizing praise, instead of discouragement. Elements Of Formal. They will be called godly oaks, trees planted by the Lord to reveal his splendor. “Isaiah 61:4 is generational in nature and provides for the healing of generations.

This is the breaking of inherited genetic curses. This is breaking inherited familiar spirits from your family trees, the rollovers, specifically meaning spiritually, psychologically and biologically inherited diseases.” 61:4 They will rebuild the perpetual ruins. and restore the places that were desolate; they will reestablish the ruined cities, the places that have been desolate since ancient times. “I’m going to tell you that there is a revival coming to this planet, and there is a revival coming to of anorexia, this nation, but it will not be the type of revival that you may think it is. The revival coming is one of sanctification and purification. I will tell you with all the authority of my heart that I can know, that the only way that it will be ushered in is the same way it was ushered in the first time: by the Lord when He came. The healing of of formal diseases, the casting out of evil spirits, and the establishment of His grace and His mercy—you can go and read about it from Romans to Jude.” (p. 72) That was a long quote, but I think it is helpful to see how he reads lots of scripture and then throws in his comments. Let’s look at the page in detail. How is Isaiah’s mention of the broken hearted proof that MCS is hawkins dissertation, cause by a broken heart? It’s not.

It’s just a verse about the broken hearted. What is the Isaiah prophecy really about? It’s about the essay, coming Messiah. Jesus quotes that verse when he stands up in the synagogue to essay your dog, teach in Luke 4:16-21 and says that it was being fulfilled in their presence. Essay. He was announcing that He was the Messiah. If Henry Wright is of formal essay, claiming that verse for himself does he realize the essay, implications? He’s probably not claiming that he’s the write your, Messiah, but he is certainly arrogant to tell us that he is a warrior and we will thank God for him when we get to heaven. Note also that Jesus stops the elements essay, quote of essay world global Isaiah at 61:2a. The rest of the elements of formal, Isaiah passage was not being fulfilled at that time. The next phrase, “the day when our God will seek vengeance,” was still to come. When is “the day of God’s vengeance?” It is the Tribulation.

And it is after the day of God’s vengeance that the rest of the passage will be fulfilled. In other words, it is after the tribulation. Essays Of Anorexia. So the rest of the passage is about the restoration of Israel after the tribulation. Isa 61:4 is just a continuation of the description of that restoration. It is certainly not about the elements of formal essay, breaking of inherited genetic curses and diseases or about a “revival that is dissertation, coming to of formal, the planet.” At least not now.

On page 160 Wright continues his discussion of MCS. He says that when people were healed of MCS that the essay world global economy, toxins in their bodies went away because “God designed the body to cleanse itself as part of elements essay its creation. When spiritual roots are dealt with, that is exactly what happens. Have you not read the scripture—if you drink any deadly thing, it shall not harm you?” Mark 16:18. He goes on to say, “I’m not talking about going out here and doing something presumptuous like drinking something poisonous. I’m talking about pay to write essay a normal lifestyle and elements of formal things you are exposed to.

God created your body to cleanse itself of jerry impurities. The spiritual root of the toxic retention is fear and anxiety.” A couple things stand out here. Elements Of Formal Essay. First, he just quoted a verse that said we could go out and essay drink poison and of formal essay it wouldn’t harm us. Your Essay. Then he says, that we shouldn’t do that. Why not?

That’s what the essay, verse said. Why would he use the verse as proof and then tell us not to obey it? Second, I thought that MCS was not caused by toxins. It was caused by a broken spirit. Now he says that people “healed” of MCS have the toxins leave their body. What toxins? On p. 182 he quotes Matt 18:22 where Jesus says to forgive seventy times seven. Pay To Essay. His explanation is elements of formal, as follows: One day in papers, my prayer time I asked the Lord, “What did you mean by elements that?” This came into on ups my heart and into elements of formal my understanding: Our days are 24 hours long, 8 hours for work, 8 hours for family and 8 hours for sleep. 8-8-8. If you take 8 hours of the day, whether it’s business, family or yourself, this is the whole dimension of human existence, others, yourself and so on. If you take 8 hours, how many minutes are there to an hour?

Sixty. Sixty times 8 is 480. What is 70 x 7? 490. I felt that the Lord was saying it this way, “Every hour of your day, if your brother blows it regarding the same issue minute by minute, hour by hour, day by day, release him.” That explanation is so bizarre that it probably doesn’t need comment, but why use only 8 hours out of the 24 hour day? And which 8 hours should we forgive…the 8 at work, or the 8 at home, or even better, the 8 while we are asleep? And in case he didn’t notice 480 is not equal to 490 and close doesn’t count in math. His use of essay world economy crisis math is on par with his use of the of formal essay, bible, his use of Hebrew, etc. I’ve talked to three people who went to jerry michael hawkins dissertation, the seminars, and one common comment was that he was very proud. That attitude comes through loud and elements of formal essay clear in his book when he makes statements like, “I have many medical books on this subject in my library. I’ve read them all, and term no one knows the ‘cause’ of CFS.”(p. 165) But he does.

Or, “Now I want to tell you that on the phone as a minister, this insight that I had is elements, really incredible.” (p. Essays. 169) He claims to have an undisputed corner on the truth. However, he contradicts himself often. He relies totally on experience and has fantastical interpretations of scripture. Elements Of Formal. He perfectly fits the description of false teachers who claim to teach the truth but twist the scriptures to about dog, support whatever they have to say. I know some who say he has changed their lives.

They have been healed. I believe the elements of formal, people. What do we do with claims like that? I mentioned at the beginning that sickness can be caused by sin. If through the ministry of Henry Wright, someone gets into regular bible study, examines their life, identifies a sin (like worry), and pay to write essay deals with it, then it not only possible, but even probable that any illness caused by that sin will go away. Is that a “bonafide” biblical healing miracle?

No. But it is a demonstration of the elements of formal, grace of God who can even use someone like Henry Wright to get people back into studying scripture and essay world global economy bring about healing. I think control is the number one area in everyone’s life that God has to deal with – whether it is anxiety attacks, money problems, submission to authority, you name it. And health is a big area where we want to elements essay, have control. Nobody wants to get sick. And if you are sick, you want to get well.

I think it was a Geritol commercial from a long time ago that said, “When you’ve got your health, you’ve got just about everything.” That’s probably a pretty accurate statement for most people. Health and wealth gospels are attractive because they give us a sense of economy control. I think that Wright’s message is popular because he offers definite solutions to sickness. Of Formal. He identifies with great certainty the source for most diseases. If you will just examine your heart for sin and repent, then either you will not get sick, or if you are already sick, prayer will heal you. And of essays course, getting sin out of your life is a good and honorable thing, so who can argue with that?

Some people use nutrition to “control” their health. I’ve personally seen or heard of elements lots of folks cured of allergies, asthma, cancer, etc. just by changing their diet. I know it works. I highly recommend it! However, eating properly can actually become a form of control and be just like a religion. Others blame demons 2 and say you just have to cast out the demon to get well. Is there any room for God to use sickness to glorify himself or to teach us some spiritual lesson? When the nutrition advocate eats right but gets sick anyway, could God be teaching them that they are not in control?

What is the proper response to sickness? It is to hawkins dissertation, recognize that God is in of formal, control and leave that control of your health/life up to essay your, Him. Go back to eating healthy, knowing that it really does have good results, but knowing that you could still get sick if God sovereignly designs it for your growth. The wrong response is to try to find another way to control your life/health/etc. Of Formal Essay. I think Henry Wright offers that promise of control. If you just find the right sin, you can cure the disease or if you take power over that demon then you can be healed of your sickness. He expresses no doubts about getting well if you “know the truth” (as he teaches it). Is that not a promise of controlling our destiny (health)? And if you don’t get well after praying, then what must you conclude if you follow the teaching of someone like Henry Wright?

You just haven’t found the sin that caused the disease, so keep digging. The result will be that a person who really has no problem with fear, but who has an elements of formal essay illness which Wright says is cause by “fear” will have to invent fears to elements essay, repent of. The result is a self-centered focus and not a Christ-centered focus. Jerry Hawkins Dissertation. God promises us the abundant life. According to the health and wealth preachers, the elements of formal essay, abundant life is only being healthy and wealthy. That is an earthly (unbiblical) perspective. The biblical perspective is that the abundant life is being able to pay to write, have joy in the midst of trials – whether sickness, poverty, prison, or whatever. The abundant life is elements of formal essay, not found in circumstances. It is found in relationship with Christ, the Lord of and over our circumstances. So, is his teaching biblical? He certainly does use a lot of verses.

But he uses them incorrectly. He has no biblical authority for what he teaches. The only authority behind Wright’s teaching is “all the authority of his heart.” I’m sure he’s sincere, but he is sincerely wrong. If the Bible is consistent and Wright is using the Bible to prove his points, then how could he be so inconsistent? He is inconsistent, because he’s pulling verses out of context.

It is jerry hawkins dissertation, like someone quoting “Judas went out and hanged himself” and then finding another verse that says “go thou and elements of formal do likewise” and putting them together to prove that suicide is biblical. We all would instantly recognize that as being ludicrous. But because the audience wants what Wright is saying to be true, many people aren’t recognizing the similar use of scripture by Wright. Related to this is the fact that he cautions us to pay to write, use the King James Version or “this teaching will lose the integrity and intent of its meaning.” (p. 5) Why would it hurt to use another translation of the Bible? Because so many of of formal his points rest on the specific words used in the King James Version. If the verses were used in context, it wouldn’t matter which translation he used.

If your whole doctrine hinges on a particular English word (which is just a translation of Hebrew or Greek), then you have a very precarious doctrine. He says he’s not interested in defending himself because he knows what he knows from experience. I believe the hawkins dissertation, reason he won’t defend himself is because he can’t. His interpretation of scripture won’t stand up to even the most casual questions. Elements Of Formal Essay. I also believe that is the reason for his rapid-fire presentation during his seminars. It doesn’t give the about dog, audience time to elements, think. You have to decide if you are going to base your theology on a man’s experience or the Word of God properly read and essay about dog interpreted. Elements. That means that texts must be read in their literary and historical (and theological) context—a simple rule for interpreting any document.

I do not say this to be hurtful, but Mr. Wright demonstrates, over and over again, a complete failure to appreciate this point. I am not surprised when he says that he speaks out of “all the authority of his heart.” That much is quite evident; so also is the fact that he speaks without the authority of Scripture and therefore without the essay world global economy crisis, authority of the Spirit of God who inspired Scripture. So, even if there may be some truth to his teaching (some sickness is indeed caused by sin), there is so much that is false that I think it would be extremely dangerous to listen to him at all. Constant exposure to of formal essay, his teaching could only have ill effects. (pun intended) Hampton Keathley IV. 1 Although on page 24 he says 80% percent of disease is caused by sin, he makes very strong statements such as, “Today, I stand 100% not for disease management for your essay disease eradication and prevention on a regular basis, if at all possible.” (p. 33) “eradication” is not an essay 80% word.

It is a 100% word! Not to mention the use of “100%” in the quote. 2 See article on Thurman Scrivner. He has a ministry which teaches that sickness is the result of demonic control and all you have to do is cast out the demon to get well.

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student information at the top left and dissertation, the title. Elements. For draft 2, I still had a few quotes or evidence that needed more analysis; this will be planned out in elements . Essay. more detail in pay to write essay the future during the planning phase of my essay writing. For self-editing strategies I decided to read my essay aloud to myself in order to hear the of formal essay sentence structure which helped tremendously. I also made sure to be very careful with comma splices because I had a lot of trouble with that in jerry hawkins my early drafts. .

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Elements of a formal essay

Writing a Business Plan for Law Firm - Law Firm Business Plan Sample. New York City Bar Association. Small Law Firm Committee. Robin Kravitz, Esq. Law Office of elements essay Robin Kravitz. Writing a Business Plans for of formal essay Lawyers The Non-Financial Side. 1 Why write a law firm business plan? First and foremost, it’s a Management Tool, It f orces you to of formal essay think through important issues you may not otherwise consider. The recipe to essays of anorexia grow your law practice.

What is a business plan? A roadmap, albeit a changing one, with milestones to help reach goals you already know and have yet to define A sales tool to essay obtain financing A sales tool when looking to form a partnership or join one Some parts of a business plan include stating the of formal obvious, but should not be overlooked because they still form a part of the whole As you write it, ideas come, strategies unfold, beliefs you may have had change It also changes your mindset. You’re no longer thinking about of formal essay starting a business, you’re now in elements of formal essay the process of starting a business. If you write a business plan and elements of formal, put it away in a drawer you have not written one that is feasible or is essay about dog, going to do you any good. Continual updating whether semi-annual, annual, biennial, whichever is of formal essay, best for you - is essay, your own set of checks and elements essay, balances. If you are going to buy a book, look for one that offers general advice and essay about your, suggestions applicable to all businesses. And, if you choose a software package, eliminate the “techy” things like their numbering system; that is of formal, a dead giveaway that you’re using a software program.

Also, eliminate sections that are irrelevant! Suggestion: Don’t just buy one from an online bookstore. Take the time go through a table of contents and thumb through. Examples available from Barnes Noble: Alpha Teach Yourself - Business Plans in 24 Hours by Michael Miller Successful Business Planning in term on ups 30 Days TM, 3/ed, Peter Patsula.

General Components of a Complete Plan The Executive Summary Analysis of elements Your Market Description of pay to essay Your Firm Finance Competitors Your Marketing Strategy. No set formula for a successful practice. Before developing a plan for elements essay a lawyer, answer the pay to write your essay following: Identify your practice niche(s) What skills and elements, experience you bring to your practice What legal structure to hawkins use: sole proprietorship, PC, partnership, LLP, etc. Essay! What clients you currently have and might potentially acquire What clients you want What business and social contacts you have What other attorneys you can call upon to fill in jerry michael practice gaps How your firm’s records will be kept What equipment and of formal, supplies will be needed What library and other information sources will be needed What insurance will be needed What other resources will be needed How you will compensate yourself Review your current finances re assets, current cash flow, expenses What financing may be needed What financial assets do you have What banking accounts will be needed Review your current non non-financial resources Identify your market Describe your startup plans Where will your office be located What will the name of jerry michael hawkins dissertation your firm be. For some businesses this is the most important part of the business plan because it summarizes what the company does, where it is going and how to get there. Elements Essay! Therefore, it must describe the company, the “product” and the market opportunities concisely. It is elements essay, written after the essay plan is essay economy crisis, complete but is the first and, sometimes, most important part read by elements essay investors. How important this is for a legal business plan depends on your long and short term goals, e.g., whether they are to grow a partnership, join a firm, build up a practice that is enticing for essays of anorexia acquisition by a larger firm, etc.

In order to provide that summary, go through a number of elements essay exercises: Company overview Mission statement the of formal firm’s purpose and what it will do Major goals Objectives/milestones needed to elements achieve those goals Vision statement where you want to go and what you want your firm to become, not just 20 years down the road but where you want to about be three or five years from now Business environment List what is out of your control e.g., nature of the of formal law business, direction of the world global economy marketplace, competition, mergers and elements essay, acquisitions among clients, and competitors, attorneys and firms already in place Analyze opportunities to jerry michael hawkins dissertation face and threats Firm description List your firm’s specific capabilities and whatever you believe you can offer that is unique If you are not a solo practitioner, who is the essay management What is the legal organization What technology will you be capitalizing on What is the of anorexia marketing potential Firm strategy Describe your basic strategies based on of formal the information you have learned about the legal business, your competition and elements of formal essay, applicable markets within your field. Provide the basis for why you believe your strategy is the right one for your firm. What markers will you use to elements of formal essay change direction Outline what your firm needs to make that strategy succeed Financial review Financial projections Back up of those projections with assumptions (so that they can be adjusted as necessary) Summary of revenues by month for at least three years Balance sheet Cash flow statement Action plan What actions you’re going to take to carry out the plan What changes will be needed or skills acquired to elements put the elements of formal plan to work. 3 Analysis of Your Market: The Legal “Business” that Affects You. Purpose: an pay to your essay, accurate understanding of trends affecting law practice in general and your specializations, client demographics, client universe. Keep track of elements essay impact factors, obstacles, opportunities and threats to better forecast and build the strategies. Analysis of the Legal business you’re in or want to jerry michael hawkins dissertation enter Identify who and what firms dominate and where they are What new technologies have already and may yet change the way your practice is done What laws and regulations have and elements of formal, may yet change your practice Describe the overall demand for your specialties What else besides price affects your client decisions to use your services What clients (people or companies) can influence your areas of practice Competition List all major competitors you are aware of and can find out of anorexia about Large firms, mid size, boutiques, solo practitioners In-house attorneys Government attorneys Divide into primary, secondary and, if necessary, tertiary levels Is there substitution, e.g., do it yourself or outsourcing to elements of formal essay India New Technology List what is essay, available and elements of formal, how it affects your practice Describe how technology is affecting your kind of practice Describe who controls the technologies that affect Describe how you keep up with new technology Entry Barriers/Exit/Transitional Barriers List all the things that will make it difficult for you to practice in jerry dissertation your expertise and locale List the elements essay things that will make your exit from you area of expertise or your transition to term a different one difficult Relationships What can relationships with suppliers do for you Could a supplier become a competitor, e.g.; for articles you write What other relationships can be of importance to you: Colleagues and competitors Family Professional associations Community associations Social and business organizations Current and former clients Former employment colleagues Pro bono colleagues Current Client Relationships What ways improve your position with clients Does pricing affect What else affects your relationship Potential Client Relationships What kind of elements of formal follow up do you do after meeting someone who may be a potential client or who can introduce you Writing articles Giving speeches How can you use your other relationships Finance What are the overall costs that affect your hourly, daily or matter rates? Profit margins What do suppliers of your technology, research, information, etc. offer by essays way of elements of formal pricing, discounts Are there long term agreements that can be to your advantage/disadvantage Elasticity of demand for the rates you charge If on pay to essay a regular retainer, are you realizing 100% of your hourly rate, or more/less Cost Trends and Profit Margins Identify where the of formal biggest costs of your practice come from elements of formal Identify fixed and variable costs How to elements of formal essay gain economies of scale Identify where you can lower costs Is the profit margin you’re working with the hawkins right one for your practice Market Size and elements of formal essay, Growth Potential Describe the size of your primary market List the niche markets that can use your expertise Is your kind of elements of formal practice a growing or shrinking market Legal Industry Opportunities Identify new growth opportunities in elements of formal your areas of expertise Legal Industry Threats Economic slowdowns Changing statutes, regulations and decisions Social pressures Potential Clients By product, industry, size, geography Membership lists of trade organizations List of conference attendees By referral of current clients By referral of colleagues, bar association, etc. By referral from competitors with conflicts What untapped market is essay, there What underserved market is there Trade associations made of elements small companies in the same field Part time general counsel for small companies Trade associations you can join and committees you can volunteer for. 4 Describing and Analyzing Your Own Firm.

It’s not just a law firm. What’s the essay general history When was it formed and why What is your mission What are your goals What direct experience do you have? Your partners? How relevant is elements, your experience to pay to essay the current world? How often do you talk to prospective clients What do you current clients feel about of formal you What is the hawkins dissertation maximum amount of business you can handle yourself without farming it out To whom can you farm Who is your backup when you are too busy, traveling on business, on vacation, sick What is of formal, unique about you or your practice Describe the of anorexia areas you focus on and want to focus on What are the elements essay ancillary areas of law that often or usually involved or triggered by your focus area What need does your expertise serve What are the advantages and disadvantages of your areas of expertise Identify your own strengths and essays of anorexia, weaknesses Who are your clients Who among your clients makes the decisions to of formal essay use your services What stage of business development are your clients in How sophisticated/knowledgeable are your clients Are your clients street smart and/or business savvy Do they use more than one lawyer at a time Your Strategy Outline Long term objectives Short term objectives What problems do you face What problems do your clients face What do you consider milestones How will the future affect your firm What are the legal (statutory, regulatory case law) trends that will affect it What are the essay about your technological trends that will affect it What are the economic trends that will affect it What potential risks and opportunities to be faced? What “edge” does your firm have?

Do you use innovative technology Do you offer superior client care/service Is your hourly, daily, or matter pricing lower than the elements essay “norm” Is there a small group of firms or attorneys who offer the same expertise or specialization Are you well known for a book, a speech, an article, news coverage, etc. Are you a trade association or bar association director or active participan Do a SWOT Analysis Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats. Strengths Weaknesses are vis à vis your competitors, rather than your own history. Focus on jerry michael current competition and potential competition. Strengths Are there advantages to of formal your expertise areas What do you enjoy doing What resources to you have access to What do others see as your strengths Weaknesses What can you improve What don’t you do well What should you avoid Do others perceive a weakness you don’t agree with Are your competitors doing better than you Opportunities How can you meet a potential client What are the good opportunities are they new areas, new statutes regulations, etc. How can changes in technology help you How can changes (or no changes) in government policy affect your area of expertise Are there changes in social patterns or lifestyle that can help What opportunities can open if a weakness is pay to your, eliminated Threats What obstacles do you face from elements of formal Family/emotional/physical challenges Technological challenges Experience Expertise What is pay to write your essay, your competition doing you are not How can technological changes threaten you. 5 Competitive Analysis and of formal, Target Market. Summarize Your Market List law firm/solo practice trends List direct competition List indirect competition Describe the extent of the essay world unserved market for your kind of legal services Who is your client/customer What is your price Profile your primary customer Traits: geographics, demographics, psychograhics List client needs Describe how your fill those needs Competitive Analysis Worksheet List primary, secondary and tertiary competitors What services do they offer in addition to yours What do they charge How do competitor firms sell their services What are the competitor strengths What are the competitor weaknesses What size competes with you What other specialties do they offer Who are they representing What is their pricing What are their operational strengths and weaknesses Are they adequately financed How do your competitors advertise or promote themselves What are their conflicts How does your competition market itself Identify Competitor Trends Competitive Identification Direct competitor offers the elements of formal essay same benefit Indirect competitor services the client can get instead of yours Visit and read competitor websites and papers on ups, their advertising, including separate websites by individual partners Subscribe to competitor law firm online or other newsletters What “edge” does your competition have? Does it use innovative technology Does it offer superior client care/service Is its hourly, daily, or matter pricing lower than the “norm” Is there a small group of firms or attorneys who offer the same expertise or specialization Are they well known for a book, a speech, an elements of formal essay, article, news coverage, etc. Of Formal Essay! Are they trade association or bar association directors or active participants.

Generate similar info for potential clients to of formal help identify the essay your target that will be most interested in you. A marketing plan must have a detailed description of the target market for elements your services, an analysis of the trends and conditions of that marketplace and how the trends affect that marketplace. Overall Market Total size of targeted market Historical current and pay to write essay, projected growth rates What social, economic political changes could affect it and your services Describe recent developments in elements of formal the law that affect your areas of expertise Are there identifiable niches What or will be your clients’ needs and wants How will potential customers find out papers on ups about you What kind of elements of formal marketing, if any, are your clients and potential clients receptive to What do existing clients like best about your services Are your target clients consumers, businesses or both Client Worksheet Demographics, psychographics, legal service purchasing habits When and how does the client decide to use a lawyer find a lawyer Does your potential client use the Internet, bar association, trade association, business referral, family referral, friend referral, etc. to of formal find a lawyer What is your client’s level of of formal essay education and occupation Are they Fortune 1000,500, 100, mid size or smaller Is your client industry specialized and do you know that industry Does the client use more than one lawyer or law firm How long does the client take to decide to use a lawyer Does more than one person at the client make the about decisions to use a lawyer, and elements of formal essay, if so who are they Is the person who decides who is going to provide legal services the one who is going to receive those services What influences your client’s decision to retain a lawyer Is using a lawyer optional, a necessity or a luxury Is a lawyer needed all year round, seasonal or ad hoc How and papers, how well do your clients market themselves. Once you analyze your client needs you can build a comprehensive marketing strategy, Create a Set of elements Marketing Strategy Goals What is essays of anorexia, it you intend to elements accomplish What is the amount of your increase in elements of formal essay clients and/or billing that you want to achieve Make each goal measurable and explain each one specifically Set each goal to essay your a planned schedule Be able and prepared to elements essay assess all components to revise when necessary Compare these goals to what you believe your competitors’ goals to be Marketing Plan = your long term plan of tactical objectives to achieve the strategic goals Tactical objectives = measurable tasks Overall objectives Create client value Name recognition among your clients and potential clients Client retention Attracting partners or merging into a bigger firm Marketing Plan Development Create a timeline for the objectives or events Determine the time frame for the plan, e.g., every six months, every year, etc.

Create your “USP” (unique selling proposition, a sentence, phrase or slogan that sounds like a benefit your clients will obtain from your services; can be exclusive or not, and/or preemptive) Describe the essay world economy crisis need for your services from the client’s POV Define the impact on essay the client of your services Ask whether your clients currently obtain this service more cost-effectively than you can provide it Describe what would compel clients to change from the essay lawyers they are using to essay you or to on ups add you to their lawyer rosters Action Plan Create the list of of formal essay tactics that will get you to your strategic goal E.g., how you will use that list of relationships Timeline Marketing Mix Networking, Advertising, Promotion, PR Media (*NB: remember CAN SPAM, and papers on ups, Telemarketing and elements essay, Telecommunications Act limitations) Inserts in of anorexia papers Stuffers Email* Postcards POP Billboards Bus, taxi, etc. ads Space in essay professional and trade publications Street banners New resident welcome kits Trade and essays, trade association show directories and handouts Trade and elements of formal, trade association show sponsorships Internet* Coupon mailers Press releases Sponsorship CRM (customer relationship marketing) Develop your pricing strategy CF standard pricing: Cost based = cost plus profit margin Cost plus profit = cost plus fixed percentage markup Market based = use the market norm and add or subtract Ask what the highest price your target market can bear Determine the price elasticity for your kind of legal services Should you offer an on ups, introductory rate Marketing Budget Factors Age of business Premises/location Clients Competition Cost to acquire a client. 2017 Association of the Bar of the City of of formal essay New York. 42 West 44th Street, New York, NY 10036 | 212.382.6600.

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A Few Essays That Worked (And a Few That Didn#8217;t) Jacques Steinberg, education correspondent for the Times, appears on the Today show to discuss what works in a college essay. By None None on Publish Date December 6, 2010. In preparation for a segment on of formal, NBC#8217;s #8220;Today#8221; show this morning, I reached out to of anorexia the admissions offices at the University of Virginia and Occidental College in California for examples of essays that they considered memorable #8212; for good, or ill. Before I share some of these samples, a caveat (one familiar to regular readers of this blog): while it can be instructive to read actual college admissions essays, trying to copy a particular approach #8212; or in some cases avoid it #8212; can be perilous. That#8217;s because how one responds to an essay can be an intensely personal experience. That said, I would argue that there are some basic lessons to be gleaned from the following examples. Here, for instance, is an of formal essay excerpt from an essay that was not especially well received at the University of Virginia, in part because the writer misjudged the term papers age and sensibility of his or her audience: John Lennon’s song ‘Imagine’ was sung by Fox’s new show, #8216;Glee.#8217; In one particular episode, a deaf glee club performed this song. Of Formal Essay! I heard it before when John Lennon sang it: unfortunately I did not care much for term, it. When I watched this episode while the deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230; John Lennon sang it like a professional, but what he did not have was the emotion behind the words. He sang it more staccato than legato.

He sang it like it was his job, and nothing more. These singers from Glee sang with powerful emotions. Elements Of Formal Essay! … Another essay, also musical in focus, got a more appreciative read at U.V.A.: I strode in essay global, front of 400 frenzied eighth graders with my arm slung over my Fender Stratocaster guitar — it actually belonged to my mother — and launched into essay the first few chords of Nirvana’s ‘Lithium.’ My hair dangled so low over my face that I couldn’t see the about your dog crowd in front of me as I shouted ‘yeah, yeah’ in elements, my squeaky teenage voice. I had almost forgotten that less than a year ago I had been a kid whose excitement came from waiting for the next History Channel documentary. It was during the essay dog awkward, hormonal summer between seventh and elements of formal essay eighth grade when I first heard Nirvana’s ‘Smells Like Teen Spirit.’ The song shocked my senses — until that point my musical cosmos consisted mainly of my father’s Beatles CDs. I would argue that the admissions committee was able to relate a little more to this essay than the world global economy first. And it was certainly more evocative and detailed. Essay! It also conveyed more about the writer (and applicant) #8212; a crucial quality in a college admissions essay.

I turn, now, to excerpts from term papers a recent essay that struck a visceral chord within the of formal essay admissions office at about dog, Occidental (where, as an aside, President Obama began his college career): My head throbbed as I closed my eyes and tried to convince myself to give up. ‘Come on, Ashley. Put the pencil down. Just put the pencil down and go to bed,’ I told myself sternly. I had been hard at work for hours — brutal, mind-numbing hours. Essay! I groaned as I moved over to my bed, collapsing in essays, a pile of of formal essay, blankets and closing my eyes. I lay there for on ups, a moment or two, gathering strength, gaining courage. My tense shoulders began to unclench as I stretched out and elements of formal essay opened my bleary eyes… Suddenly, I bolted upright on my bed, eyes wide, blankets flying. Essay Your! Everything had fallen into place. I stumbled madly to my desk, thumped myself down, and snatched up my pencil. ‘I’ve got it! That’s it!’ I whooped, scribbling furiously, as my brother pounded on my wall for silence.

I had just won another skirmish in of formal, my ongoing battle with the crossword puzzle. Write! What worked here? I#8217;m told the admissions officers appreciated how the writer conveyed her love of words — and in the process told them much about herself. As a writer, I admired the way she built a sense of mystery at the outset, one that served to of formal essay draw the reader in. I#8217;ll close with an attempt at metaphor that fell a bit flat, at least in its reception at Occidental. The applicant writes: I believe in jello; a silly greeting, tasty dessert, or the essays answer to life as we know it? Factor #1: Have you ever tried to make jello? It takes patience. First you have to boil the water; then mix it with powder, stirring for two minutes; then finally adding the cold water and of formal putting it in the fridge for forty-five minutes.

Think about the creation of people… To share your own thoughts on essay global economy, essay strategies #8212; and, perhaps, some excerpts of elements essay, your own #8212; please use the jerry michael hawkins dissertation comment box below. Comments are no longer being accepted. Although the essays chosen as the #8220;good#8221; examples are well-written, I found the other 2 more interesting. Each of those writers seemed to be struggling to of formal express a concept instead of on ups, a fairly typical self-absorbed picture. Obviously. the #8220;good#8221; essays are easier to identify with, but they are also rather juvenile. Elements Of Formal! Our education system tends to reward the neat package, not the messy one. I#8217;d like to of anorexia think that both sets of essay writers deserve an elements excellent education.

I saw this segment on the Today Show and essays I am surprised about the elements of formal essay first essay. I understand the concept of your, Glee being a new show and seeming juvenile, but it isn#8217;t. Elements Of Formal Essay! I find the show rather creative for taking older songs, modernizing them, and reintroducing them to a new generation of people. Elements Of Formal! Not to mention it adds new life to elements of formal essay a song already loved by the older generation who watch the show as well. If anything it shows the blatant generation gap between the administrators and the students writing their essay.

John Lennon was a great artist but it doesn#8217;t mean I#8217;m obligated to be a fan, nor is this student. People should respect the difference of jerry michael hawkins dissertation, opinion. This student was honest enough to say he/she didn#8217;t like the song and why when performed by of formal essay John Lennon, but found beauty in jerry, the song he/she previously dismissed when performed by a group of deaf children. I think that shows a strong sense of self in elements of formal, the student which was, unfortunately, overlooked. Thank you so much for these examples.

I will note that the term on ups Jello essay uses semicolons improperly. Grammar errors destroy credibility. I was accepted early decision to Virginia, and folks ask me all the time about my application essay. I wrote about the single moment of of formal essay, shaking an opponent#8217;s hand during a national debate tournament. I was terrified about this opponent, but when I shook his hand, it was cold, limp, and soaking wet. Knowing he was just as nervous as I changed everything for about your, me.

I wanted to share with the application committee my revelation that I don#8217;t need to be intimidated by anyone. My advice for future applicants: Ask yourself what #8220;gift#8221; your essay delivers to the reader. Of Formal! What#8217;s the pay-off for the audience? If you aren#8217;t writing with the audience in mind, the essay will seem self-indulgent. Essay Global Economy Crisis! Thanks so much! This is the part of the application that should be removed. Students that write their own essay are at a distinct disadvantage (unless they are among those students that truly do have talent in this area.) Because the stakes are so high and the competition so great, more and more families are hiring consultants to elements of formal either write or heavily edit the elements essays. A consultant could definitely tidy up the Glee and the jello essay and elements of formal make it relevant.

At least we know that the Glee and jello essay writers received no assistance. Other than the most competitive schools is crisis, anyone reading the essays?? It seems that a well written essay if accompanied by low standard test scores gets ignored when in fact the of formal essay essay is a better example of what the student can do. Of Formal Essay! These students pour over elements, every word as they see their future hanging in the balance. Does the admissions committee at University of Maryland actually read the answers to the short answer questions?

Do they read the essays? I find these examples and pay to write the ensuing comments to elements of formal be an example of essay about your, just how subjective college admissions officers are when making their decisions. Some admissions essays must be objectively bad (poor grammar, incoherent prose, etc.) and of formal essay I imagine that some must be objectively good, however, it seems to me that the great bulk lie in hawkins, the middle. In that middle ground then isn’t the of formal essay merit of one’s essay inextricably tied to the taste’s of the admissions officers reviewing that essay? Would a brilliant essay by Hunter S. Thompson be tossed out of anorexia because the reader hated drug use and non-conformity? Would an of formal essay essay by Tom Wolfe be rejected because the your essay reader hated exclamations?

Oh my! Maybe that great 18th century wordsmith Charles Dickens pamphlet would be considered too word? Or Hemingway’s to sparse? What I found so troubling about the elements essay admissions cycle when I went through it a decade ago was how arbitrary decisions seemed to essay about be at the top schools. Of Formal Essay! It always seemed to me that once you were in a pool of qualified applicants (good grades, test scores, extra-curricular activities) that admissions came down to chance.

I was admitted to the #1 US New School but admissions at a half a dozen lesser ranked schools where I had GPAs and SATs over the 75% mark. Some friends were admitted everywhere they applied, one friend was denied admission everywhere he applied but his in-state safety school despite the fact that he had mid 1500s SATs, a 4.0 GPA and founded our schools Environment Club. I’ve never figured out why that happened, I doubt there’s a simple answer. The college a person attends doesn’t define them or set them on pay to write your essay, a fixed course through life. Nevertheless, it is of formal, important and it does matter. In fact it matters tremendously to those students and term parents who struggle through courses and bills to make their dreams of education a success, and that’s why it is elements essay, so terrifying that chance and subjectivity play such a large role in the college admissions process. Michael Hawkins Dissertation! The purpose of the essay is to reveal something personal about elements of formal essay, yourself to the admissions committee that isn#8217;t conveyed elsewhere in the application. The first essay didn#8217;t work because it was analysis of the merits of two versions of a song. I#8217;m surprised that the pay to write your crossword puzzle essay was offered as an essay that worked #8212; it seems unoriginal, forced, overly dramatic, self-coscious. I read plenty of those as an admissions officer. The debate one worked because it revealed the author as an observant, empathetic and elements of formal mature person.

And for jello #8212; I think that could have been a very funny essay with some good editing, and perhaps may have revealed the jerry michael hawkins dissertation author as a quirky kid with a good sense of humor. Of Formal! I agree with lp#8217;s analysis. It should be drummed into every applicant: whatever the subject, the real point is to provide a sense of yourself. Unless you are some kind of master stylist, writing about #8220;other things#8221; will not impress #8212; and term papers on ups even superlative style might very well be lost on an admissions officer who is, after all, looking for elements of formal, a reason to make a decision #8212; any decision #8212; about your application. I too think the crossword puzzle essay seems silly and forced, but I also think the other musical essay was trite and forced. I am afraid that this is what the admissions process has reduced essay writing to. With the exception of the second entry, (the Nirvana kid), the dissertation rest fell flat. He seemed to convey his thoughts fluidly, and in the manner that he was thinking them. The first entry was of minor interest#8230; but obvioulsy didn#8217;t achieve what it was intended to achieve. The third was simply terrible. Enough said.

The fourth had redeeming value. There are multiple purposes for the essay. One is to guage an applicant#8217;s ability to write. Fortunately, many employers, like The Times, still value this ability. If your child does not #8220;have a talent#8221; in this area, he/she needs to get to elements essay work. More important, if a consultant writes an applicant#8217;s essay, that applicant is cheating. Your answer implies that it is acceptable for a student to elements of formal essay do so. It is no more acceptable for a consultant to write the essay than it is for a student to elements of formal exaggerate in her list of extracurricular activities.

The essay is essays, important and valuable and should remain a part of the elements application process. It#8217;s not the topic, or it#8217;s generational relationship to the reader, it#8217;s the writing, Sentence structure, organization, rhetorical flourish; the world global crisis good essays have all three of of formal, these. Write! The poor essays just needed some editingor, in some cases, a lot of editing. The College Application Essay is one of the best ways to introduce yourself to the Admissions Committee but must be done with care or it will reduce your chances for admission. Certainly there is a lot of elements essay, good advice out there, yet it seems hard to believe that by the time a student reaches 17 or 18 years old, they need help with writing a 250-500 word essay! I#8217;ve worked with teens applying to college for several years now, guiding them through the process, and yes, helping to write their essays.

Believe me, they need it! Please realize that just over 26% of kids are now receiving professional guidance with their essays and essay about dog college applications. Why? Competition has increased dramatically; a combination of essay, demographics and the simplicity of The Common Application has contributed to your dog the average student now sending out 10 or more applications! Assume that most kids will have similar GPA#8217;s, SAT#8217;s and a noteworthy background in athletics, music or some other passion when applying to a particular school#8230;..what really differentiates him or her? The essay and elements a personal interview. Some schools do not offer interviews and more and of formal more schools are adding supplemental essays to their applications to weed out the students that may not be all that serious about attending their school, even if they are accepted! Colleges are businesses with expenses and payrolls and endowments to consider. Use every tool you have to write a great essay, but grades and of formal essay SAT scores still trump the. essays unless you can guarantee you#8217;ll bring them their first ever College Golf Championship! (Might be a good topic to write about!) Write a very interesting narrative that people will want to read and essay not put down until they have read the very last word! Write to your audience#8230;#8230;do not write about the time you got caught doing something illegal and brag about elements, your brillant negotiating skills with the police and how you managed to avoid being arrested! Forget humor unless you are a professional comic#8230;#8230;very hard to convey a funny story#8230;#8230;.sometimes you really need to have been there!

Finally, have lots of people read it, and if it#8217;s not excellent, just very good, do it again! Its that important! Good Luck Everyone January 1st Deadline is coming fast! Is post number 12 an about your advertisement? Its seems like an awful lot of elements, private college admissions #8220;counselors#8221; use the comments sections of this blog to justify their services. For the record I agree with the Curmudgeon, having a consultant write your college application for you is cheating. Essay About Your! Its fine to have some help, but the majority of the work and elements the essay#8217;s #8220;voice#8221; should be the student#8217;s. As a further aside, who is to jerry michael say that these advisors actually improve the essays. I#8217;m not a professional writer and I don#8217;t work in elements essay, admissions, but I find #8220;Highly Competitive Essays'#8221; use of exclamation points to be excessive. Hi The Curmudgeon (#10), Post #12 confirms my point.

If one fourth of the kids are receiving paid help, that puts the essay rest of the applicants at a distinct disadvantage. You would be very surprised to find out just how many people are hiring consultants to write these essays. I absolutely do not mean to infer that it is acceptable to cheat. I only mean to of formal essay say that it creates an unfair playing field. Crisis! Until the colleges can figure a way to make it fair, I think the of formal essay essay should be removed.

Students can submit graded English assignments instead. I remember the kind of person that I was as a teenager and know that if I had to about your write a college essay, it would have been the jello one. Elements! In addition, I liked the Glee/Lennon essay because I wanted to essay know what she was going to say about the former Beatle. On the contrary, I lost interest in the 2nd music essay and skimmed over the crossword one (the so-called good essays). As a CUNY applicant in 1979-80, I didn#8217;t need to complete an application essay. However, as a student years later (20-30 years later to be exact), my writing matured and I have won academic honors and one scholarship for my writing (I graduated from a state school). Essay! I love writing and couldn#8217;t imagine my life without it (although I write for pleasure, not publication).

By the way, my SAT scores were also low but I received a Bachelor#8217;s at 43 and of formal a Master#8217;s (4.0 GPA) at of formal, 46. I currently have my dream job, introducing books to children. So there, admission officers! Consider reading the book(s) ESSAYS THAT WORKED; every admissions officer does. My son wrote his essays for his AP English class at a top high school as an pay to write assignment. The #8220;prompts#8221; are known about in elements, summer, so making it a part of AP English in fall was easy especially since many students applied to UC and the private colleges routinely and of anorexia it boasts a 95% college rate. They went through several reviews and revisions. And by the end they worked well.

He got into UCLA that was his first choice. After that experience, my daughter put together her essays easily with my son#8217;s input. She ran them by her college English and History instructors (she went entirely the community college route in lieu of high school). Elements Of Formal! She got into Berkeley that was her first choice. I believe that students who don#8217;t have diligent and involved English instructors who are willing to make these college essays a part of their curriculum or personal time are at a significant disadvantage.

Even though the essay is written by the student and in the student#8217;s voice, these professionals pointed out flaws that needed correction and reinforced the your essay prompt questions. And in subsequent university courses, the care of these instructors is evident in any courses where my kids must write an of formal essay. They had a lasting impression. I would wish other student would get this guidance. I feel that these essays were #8220;first drafts#8221; with ideas but no guidance to term refine them.

So as a means to elements judge students, it really only essays of anorexia, shows the schools and students who have caring instructors and follow through on their suggestions and those who may lack such resources. Of Formal! That comment read like an ad! But guess what. Even ads can have too many exclamation points! If I was an admissions reader, I#8217;d be exhausted by essay world economy all of elements essay, those bangs!

Please, please, please, spare us the ads in essay dog, the comments! Btw, the crossword essay was stylistically hackneyed! This is an interesting article. These next few weeks certainly are critical for college applications! On the essay side of things, I#8217;ve found the site theEssayExchange.com, really helpful in assisting my daughter with building her essay. I believe the importance of college application essays are overblown here. You cannot expect engineering students to write as eloquently as liberal arts students.

The jello essay may have been written by elements of formal an engineering student while the crossword puzzle essay by a liberal arts student. I hope colleges are not just looking for good writers. This country needs great engineers too! And you are not going to be impressed by many of their college app essays. I agree with seachange. Cheating is your, unjustifable, but we all know it happens. Besides consultants, friends, siblings and parents have been known to write students#8217; essays. There is elements essay, little chance to cheat on an SAT/ACT test or an AP/IB exam; these results, along with the transcript, should be given more weight. Write Essay! Yet every autumn it is the essay that causes the most anxiety. Of Formal! My son and I brainstormed for pay to write, weeks before he came up with a suitable topic to write about.

Then it took him another a few weeks to write and edit his essay. I would hate to see his four years of hard work and elements of formal essay excellent grades/test results wasted because the admissions committee at his number one school was not intrigued by essays of anorexia his essay. Especially if someone with lower grades and test results is admitted on the basis of an essay which they did not write. Elements! We are told that admissions counselors can tell the difference between an essay written by a high school student and one by an adult. I hope they really can. Personally, I feel the essays of anorexia essay is important to give a #8220;face#8221; to the applicant. The rest of the application is a listing of grades, scores and essay extracurriculars (which can easily be embellished) but the essay is supposed to your be the student#8217;s voice. I agree with another poster that sending in a graded English assignment is a good alternative. Elements Of Formal! These examples demonstrate the importance of teaching our kids to communicate effectively, not only through the essays written word, but also through speaking. If kids can#8217;t communicate their ideas through proper grammar techniques and through content, admissions officers have a difficult time deciding if they are an appropriate match for the school.

Communication is key in all fields. Elements Of Formal Essay! The kids who wrote the lesser essays may be amazing people, but they failed to communicate it. Glenda. I am often asked how to world global compose memorable application essays out of “ordinary” teenage lives. Of Formal Essay! High school seniors who haven’t won international awards or lived on houseboats or in jerry michael, homeless shelters can feel as if their essays have little to elements essay offer. They’re terrified that they will make the same “mistakes” that are highlighted here in “The Choice” (and no wonder … even Ian admissions professional for three decadeshad a tough time differentiating between the “good” and “bad” ones!). Jerry Hawkins Dissertation! I always reply that, during my 15 years of reading application essays at Smith College, many of the most memorable submissions were on elements, mundane topics.

One of of formal, my all-time favorites was about a laundry mishap at a summer school. The author explained how she had accidentally washed her roommate’s expensive white undergarments with her own red sweatshirt. Of course, the essay wasn’t really just about laundry … it was more about the boundaries of friendship. Other wonderful essays I recall include a hilarious one on playing in a truly terrible school band and another called “Why I Shop at Wal-Mart.” While there are lots of books out there that serve up samples of “successful” essays, there are two that I especially like that offer helpful suggestions on how to craft your own. #8220;On Writing The College Application Essay: Secrets of elements of formal essay, a former Ivy League Admissions Officer,#8221; by Harry Bauld (which I’ve recommended for eons) and a newcomer called, #8220;Concise Advice: Jump-Starting Your College Admissions Essays,#8221; by Robert Cronk, both lead students through the composition process and never lose sight of the fact that 17-year-olds can rarely report triumphs—or traumas—that might help their essays stand out in a crowd. Your Dog! Admission officials really DO want to of formal read about their applicants’ experiences, no matter how “typical,” and elements of formal they are eager to view them through the writers’ eyes. Students shouldn’t ever worry that they have nothing cataclysmic to chronicle. After all, what could be more #8220;ordinary#8221; than laundry? I would say that the applicant who wrote the #8220;Imagine#8221; essay didn#8217;t get due to the essay#8217;s flat prose, poor organization, and of formal essay questionable grammar, not its subject matter. On Ups! The song was not sung #8220;by the show,#8221; but by the characters on the show. Essay! The sentence #8220;When I watched this episode while the global economy deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230;#8221; is just an incredible mess.

He didn#8217;t watch #8220;while#8221; they were singing; it should be #8220;were joined by;#8221; and #8220;surprisingly affected me#8221; is a terribly clumsy construction. How about: #8220;As I watched another glee club join the deaf adolescents in singing the song during this episode, I was surprised by how much it affected me.#8221; Not all applicants will be strong writers, but all need to show at least a basic grasp of how to communicate a thought.

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essay design In 1963, Dennis Gabor, Nobel laureate for his invention of the holograph, said The future cannot be predicted, but futures can be invented (Gabor, 1963). This statement has become a mantra in recent times, attributed to many who are simply rephrasing Gabor. Alas, the slogan, wonderful though it may sound, is false. The most successful inventions transform the world in ways that are impossible to foresee at the time of the invention. The statement should really be yet another of my laws: My law of prediction: The future cannot be predicted, not even by of formal, trying to invent it. Although inventions can change the future, their long-term impact cannot be predicted. Essay. So, invent all you like, just don't try to predict the of formal impact several decades later. Technology Forces Us To Do Things We're Bad At. Time To Change How Design Is Done.

Distractibility isn't a human problem; it's a design problem, writes usability expert Don Norman. We need to reverse the normal technological strategy of asking people to fill in for gaps in machine performance. Of Anorexia. Instead, we should require machines to fill in for gaps in essay human performance. After all, technology was invented to of anorexia, enhance people's lives, not the other way around. Let's build technologies that empower us, allow us to use our creative abilities, and elements, relieve us of the stuff we are not good at. Design, business models, and human-technology teamwork.

As automation and artificial intelligence technologies develop, we need to think less about the essays design of human-machine interfaces and elements, more about the design of human-machine teamwork. The Future of Design: When you come to essay about, a fork in the road, take it. Design started out as a craft, primarily focusing upon the creation of beautiful objects to become a powerful force in industry. Today, design has gone far beyond its simple origins as a craft to develop powerful new ways for elements, people to interact with the world, emphasizing experience, not technology. Moreover, it has evolved into a way of thinking, of problem discovery, and of enhancing the lives of individuals, the experience of the workforce, and even the health of the planet.

Are these new developments compatible with the craft traditions of the old? Is this a fork in the road, with some continuing the craft tradition of enhancing the emotional experiences of our products and others taking the other path, moving design thinking into all endeavors, but far removed from the history and mainstream practice of your essay, today. What is the future of design? We are at a fork: Which path should we take? I take my answer from the famed American baseball player Yogi Berra who said, When you come to a fork in the road, take it. Norman Stappers (2016). DesignX: Design and complex sociotechnical systems.

I am pleased to say that the paper by P.J. Stappers and me on DesignX has been published, along with several commentaries and then a response by elements of formal essay, the authors. With citation and URL for the package. Vox Media on michael dissertation, Norman Doors. Elements Essay. 'Bad doors are everywhere' A video that is both instructional and fun. Essay. The article text concludes by saying Don Norman's seminal book on design, The Design of Everyday Things, . (p)ublished 25 years ago, it remains just as relevant today. Doors shouldn't need instructions. When most people complain about something, nothing happens.

But Norman is not most people -- he's a psychologist and cognitive scientist. So his writing about his complaints is elements so incredibly thorough that he changed the way design works. Pay To Your Essay. And the human-centered design revolution he sparked changed not only how designers work, but also how people in fields like public health work to make the of formal world a better place. This is why Melinda Gates believes human-centered design is essay about one change that could save the of formal essay world. To find out essays, what all this has to do with crappy doors, watch the video. How Apple is Giving Design a Bad Name. Bruce Tognazzini and I document the many shortcomings of Apple's current design philosophy in elements of formal essay this Fast Company article. The science in the science of design. Design is a complex field. Some components of design already are based upon good science, usually from the behavioral and cognitive sciences. Some are at the pre-scientific level of understanding.

I believe that with a proper attitude toward evidence-based studies, these areas can also become either scientific, or at least rigorously proven to be effective when used under well-understood circumstances. Essay. Some aspects of design seem primarily based upon human creativity, sense of elements essay, style, and other socially mediated conventions. These may never be scientific, but they do play a critically important role in the quality and acceptance of design. Of Formal. So, can design be a science? Sometimes yes, sometimes no.

Can it be empirically based, evidence driven? Yes. Will it have to reply on elements essay, intuition and the creativity of individual designers? Sometimes, yes. Design is a multi-faceted, complex enterprise. It involves the initial choice of what to jerry michael hawkins, make, a deep understanding of people, of elements of formal essay, materials, and of technology. It requires understanding how people decide upon purchase, and elements of formal, then use products. It covers an extremely wide range of elements of formal essay, activities and different disciplines of study and training. It is this depth and richness that makes design such a wonderful, fascinating field. Affordances: Commentary on the Special Issue of AI EDAM. The Journal Artificial Intelligence for elements of formal essay, Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing published a special issue on Affordances and asked me to comment on elements of formal, the collection.

The concept of affordances has an interesting history, starting with the of anorexia keen observations and thoughts of the elements of formal perceptual psychologist, J.J. Gibson in the late 1970s, moving into the world of design and then into engineering design. As a result of this disciplinary migration, the essays of anorexia concept of affordance leads several rather separate lives within these different fields -- ecological psychology, Design, and essay, engineering design -- with each field barely aware of the work being done in the others. All communities make valuable contributions from their perspective of the issue. I continue to look forward to a merging of disciplines, where the insights of essays, all fields can be brought together to form a new, harmonious whole, with many new and exciting emergent properties. From the very beginnings of time, Ben Shneiderman has been busy photographing all that he sees. Ben was active in the pre-history days of the folks who tried to understand the newly-developed computing machines, especially as they moved into people's homes, offices, and schools.

Eventually, that field became known as Human-Computer Interaction, with its major society being CHI. Of Formal. He has finally collected them together: here they are -- all the old folks (such as me). Jerry Hawkins. Such old folks portrayed by photos from their youth, so I can barely recognize some of elements of formal essay, them: I can barely recognize me. A Product Is More than a Product -- Consider the Chair. Imagine how the 21st century chair might perk up when guests arrive, autonomously transforming itself as needed. It can become a stepstool when someone needs to stand on it, or a bed, perhaps formed by enlisting other chairs so that they can to support a horizontal body or two or three. Your Essay. When self-organized into neat orderly rows of its collaborators, the chair can accommodate crowds. While awaiting the crowd's arrival the chairs are a memory of the future, reminding us of the event that is to come. After they leave, the same chairs serve as a memory of the elements essay past. These 21st century chairs are social, aiming to pay to, please. They will be active servants, relationship builders, and enablers of social interactions.

In the 21st century designers will produce many things besides chairs, many of of formal, which will not be objects. Some will be services and experiences, such as healthcare and elements essay, wellness. Some will be ideas. Is an essay idea a thing, a product, a service? Whatever they are called, they need to be designed not as isolated things but as complex, interrelated systems, as total experiences. As relationships. UC San Diego Postdoc in Human-Centered Healthcare.

The Design Lab at the University of dissertation, California, San Diego is elements embarking upon a large, major project in essay global economy crisis healthcare for elements essay, complex problems. We are working with the of anorexia Medical School, various departments at essay UC San Diego, and several funding agencies in this endeavor. The emphasis is on the processes and structure associated with modern healthcare. We seek a Design Fellow to pay to your essay, assist with a project to better understand the complex cognitive ecosystem of healthcare who can help us define, explore, and of formal essay, implement new processes and procedures aimed at improving medical care for complex cases. Positive computing: technology for wellbeing and human potential (Calvo Peters) The design of term on ups, human-computer systems used to focus upon the negative, the breakdowns that confused and confounded people.

Now it is time to move to the next level, to focus upon the positive, systems that are enjoyable and pleasurable. We need systems that delight as well as inform, systems that create pleasure along with useful function. We need systems that are resilient, that promote control, understanding, and sometimes just plain pleasure. The design field has responded by examining the role of emotions and pleasure in design. We need to move these findings into mainstream computing. Next time someone accuses you of procrastination, say no, I am not procrastinating, I am 'Late Binding.' That should shut them up. Let me argue for late binding - delay, or if you like, procrastination - as a preferred way of life. Delaying decisions until the time for action is beneficial for lots of reason. Practice late binding. Planning never produces the exact answer for the exact conditions that take place. People always will change their behavior.

In fact, people have no choice when unexpected events occur. And, as I am fond of saying, we know two things about unexpected events: they will always occur; when it does occur, it will be unexpected. So prepare. Study. Elements Of Formal. Get ready. Pay To Your Essay. But delay the elements of formal essay actual decision as late as possible.

Procrastinate. Jerry Dissertation. Practice late binding. The technological requirements for self-driving cars are extremely complex, and although we are now able to succeed in a very high percentage of the situations, those last few percentages contain the elements of formal essay most difficult, the most daunting challenges. As automation gets better and better, then the problems of vigilance increase, for the more reliable the system, the less for a person to jerry michael hawkins dissertation, do, and of formal, the mind wandering begins. Do not take people out of the loop: have them always know what is happening. How do we do this in pay to a meaningful way? By asking people to make high-level decisions, to of formal essay, continually be making decisions. Human pattern recognition and high-level statement of goals and plans are good. But here is what we are bad at: the ability to monitor for long periods, to be precise and accurate, to respond quickly and properly when an unexpected event arrives where the person has not been attending. So, have us do what we are good at. Have the automation do what we are bad at.

Aim for collaboration, not supervision. Why DesignX answers common questions about DesignX. In particular, What is new? What is the role of the designer? What about craft skills? DesignX is a new, evidence-based approach for addressing many of the dog complex and serious problems facing the world today.

It adds to and augments today's design methods, reformulating the role that design can play. Modern design has grown from a focus on products and services to of formal essay, a robust set of methods that is applicable to a wide range of societal issues. When combined with the knowledge and expertise of your dog, specialized disciplines, these design methods provide powerful ways to develop practical approaches to large, complex issues. We seek a radical reformation of design practice, education, and essay, research. It is time for a new era of term on ups, design activism. Hill climbing in radical Innovation. John Langrish challenged the analysis of Norman Verganti on elements, Incremental and Radical Innovation, arguing that we had ignored the evidence from Darwinian evolution. He called us creationists.

We find John Langrish's argument to be puzzling. We wrote a paper on product evolution and he chides us for failure to cite the literature in evolutionary biology. Similar issues have been faced in many disciplines. His attempts to map biological mechanisms to our approach are either already accounted for or are inappropriate. We are accused of being creationists. We plead guilty. That's what the field of design is elements all about: all-seeing, overarching designers who look over their creations and go in and change them. Designers have that luxury. Of Formal Essay. Release a product and call it back for revision. Or completely change the next release, keeping the world economy stuff that worked and deleting the stuff that didn't. Or completely repurpose it for elements essay, some other usage that had not been considered at first.

Radical innovation within the field of design does not come from hill-climbing. It comes from putting together things that never before were thought to belong together. It comes from the heart and mind of the designer. Yes, as designers we are creationists. We teach it, practice it, and take delight in it. Verganti Norman: Having a vision is not enough--it must be implemented. Vision building is the most relevant and rare asset in our society. We do not live in a world where data and term papers on ups, knowledge are missing. Indeed, it is just the opposite. The amount of information is elements of formal overwhelming. What is rare is the capability to make sense of this enormous and essays of anorexia, complex picture, to go beyond the essay past and existing patterns and imagine what is not there.

The new frontier is to explore the path to innovation by understanding the jerry hawkins nature of vision building. For this purpose, we need new frameworks. We need to investigate the slippery intangible dimensions of thinking, the capability to unveil what is of formal hidden into the mirror that reflects our role in the society. I hate error messages. They are insulting, condescending, and worst of all, completely unnecessary. Evil, nasty little things. They cause us to do unneeded work, and global economy crisis, often destroy the work we have already done. Error messages punish people for not behaving like machines. It is time we let people behave like people.

When a problem arises, we should call it machine error, not human error: the elements machine was designed wrong, demanding that we conform to its peculiar requirements. It is time to design and build machines that conform to our requirements. Global. Stop confronting us: Collaborate with us. State of Design: How Design Education Must Change. For design to succeed, grow, achieve its potential, and train future leaders, we envision a new curriculum. In our vision, these new programs combine learning the art and craft of elements essay, beautiful, pleasurable well-crafted design with substantive courses in the social and biological sciences, in term papers technology, mathematics and statistics, and in essay the understanding of experimental methods and rigorous reasoning. Programming and mechatronics are essential skills in today's product world. Not only will this training make for better practitioners, but it will also equip future generations of write your, designers to be better at developing the hard, rigorous theory design requires. Design is an exciting powerful field, filled with promise.

To meet the challenges of the 21st century, design and design education must change. So too must universities. Gestural Control: The Good, the elements essay Bad, and the Ugly. I await the day when gestures become standardized. When systems combine the best of all worlds: gestures, both in the air and on surfaces, voice commands where appropriate, and menus, keyboards, and essay about your dog, pointing devices where appropriate. The most powerful systems will give us the elements of formal essay choice to use whatever is best suited for the job. But before we can do this, we have a simple task to crisis, do: reform the patent system. Stupid Smart Stuff: Watches and Automation. Whenever you see something labeled smart or intelligent, be assured that it is actually rather stupid. It is time to for the designers and engineers of elements of formal, this coming automated world and take heed from the lessons learned over the years in term on ups the field of essay, Human-Systems Integration, in studies of automation.

Lots of excellent scientists working in the research labs of automobile companies know all this. Product people are notorious about ignoring the wisdom of pay to write, research groups in their same company. We now have very smart devices, stupidly done. I fear the elements of formal essay consequences will be a lot worse than waking people up at 4:30 in the morning. Pay attention, engineers: pay attention, designers.

Pay attention or people will be killed. Nutrition, Nudges, and Sledge Hammers. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed changing the labels now required on all foodstuff. The goal is to nudge people to better eating. Essay World Global. The good part is that, the FDA has clearly thought about the legibility and clarity of nutritional guidelines. Not only did they decide to make the calorie count more visible, but they made the percentage values more prominent, they reconsidered what information was to be listed, and perhaps most important of all, they changed the of formal essay definition of a serving to what people really eat. What is of anorexia next? . Elements. It's time for the pharmaceutical industry to essays of anorexia, do the same with their labels of medications and prescriptions. It's a systems problem. OK designers, this is what you claim you are good at: solving systems problems. Elements Essay. Get to work: you could save lives. The most powerful revolutions are the slow, silent ones that take over our lives quietly, unobtrusively.

No media attention, no over-hyped excitement. Essay. But one day you look up and, oops, what has happened? Consider the everyday rice cooker. Of Formal. It seems rather dull: a squat box occupying space on jerry dissertation, the countertop, usually without any grace or sense of style. Yet this unimpressive appearing cooking device now simplifies the lives of tens of millions of owners all over the world. Excerpts from my first influencer post on LinkedIn. Stop Cellphone Anorexia: Make Batteries Last the Day.

A Rant. How can we get the batteries on our smart phones to elements of formal essay, last the entire day? Make them bigger. Eliminate phone anorexia. The evil is the cult of thinness. Phone Anorexia. Want to make batteries last beyond the day? Make them bigger. it is essay about dog that simple. Add a few millimeters of elements, thickness, 1/8th of an inch: even 1/16th would do wonders.

That's all it would take. Once upon a time, a long time ago, I got tired of about dog, light switches that contained a long, one-dimensional linear array of switches mounted on a vertical wall controlling a two-dimensional placement of lights that were placed on a horizontal plane. No wonder people had difficulty remembering which switch controlled which light: I often observed people simply turning them all on or off. Why not arrange the switches in the same spatial configuration as the lights, and then mount the switches on the same spatial plane as the lights. Now it seems that a Korean Civil Engineer has rediscovered the concept 20+ years later. My Introduction for Dan Ward's book The Simplicity Cycle, but which also includes a description of and elements essay, a recommendation for his book FIRE. The two books make a powerful package. Simplicity Cycle is a simple book about a complex topic, but don't be fooled. Beneath the simplicity lies a deep and profound message. FIST, the procedure he developed for developing projects quickly and efficiently requires that things be less physically complex, less cognitively confusing and papers, complicated. Of Formal. FIST, the procedure, was renamed FIRE (for Fast, Inexpensive, Restrained, and Elegant), and is now available as a book.

The S in pay to FIST became this book: The Simplicity Cycle. Not surprisingly, the two books support one another. FIRE, the book, offers lessons highly relevant to The Simplicity Cycle. Large projects all tend to fail. It doesn't matter in what domain they exist -- software, construction, new aircraft, medical insurance systems, payroll systems -- they fail. Essay. Ward offers a simple solution: don't do them. With the time and money allocated for one large project, do numerous small ones.

Do them Fast and Inexpensive, with Restraint and Elegance: FIRE. It's a well-known principle, but it goes against the nature of organizations who wish to solve all their problems with one project. Of Formal Essay. In consumer markets, it encourages the disease I call featuritis. In industry, it's bloat. Of Formal Essay. What's the alternative? FIRE. How do we avoid unneeded complexity and manage to essay about your, maintain simplicity? That's the focus of The Simplicity Cycle. The two books, FIRE and elements of formal essay, The Simplicity Cycle, can each be read on its own, but for people involved in the design and implementation of complex projects, they form a powerful pair.

For anyone wanting to of formal, embrace the mantle of simplicity, The Simplicity Cycle, is essential. Foreword: Computers as Theater (Brenda Laurel) Theatre is about interaction, about themes and conflicts, goals and of formal essay, approaches to those goals, frustration, success, tension, and then the resolution of essay about your dog, those tensions. Theatre is dynamic, changing, always in motion. Our modern technologies with their powerful computers, multiple sensors, communication links and displays are also about interaction, and treating that interaction as Theatre proves to be rich, enlightening and powerful. Real interaction does not take place in the moment, on a fixed, static screen. Real interaction is ongoing over a protracted period. Elements Of Formal. It ebbs and flows, transitions from one state to essays of anorexia, another.

Transitions are as important as states. Up to essay, recently, the only computer systems that acted this way were games. Essay. But as students of the theatre have long known, we get the greatest pleasure from our ability to overcome early failures and adversaries. If everything runs perfectly and smoothly with no opportunity to deploy our powers and skills, pleasure is diminished. Human emotion is sensitive to of formal essay, change: starting low and ending high is a far better experience than one that is about your always high. Of Formal. Is this a cry for deliberate placement of of formal essay, obstacles and confusions? Obviously not, but it is a cry for a look at the temporal dimensions, at engagement, agency, and the rise and fall of dramatic tension. The future of our interactions with technology will build upon the foundations provided by Brenda Laurel in this deep, thought-provoking, and critically important book. The Paradox of Wearable Technologies. Can wearable devices be helpful? Absolutely.

But they can also be horrid. It all depends upon elements whether we use them to focus and pay to write, augment our activities or to distract. It is up to elements of formal essay, us, and up to those who create these new wearable wonders to decide which it is to be. Great microinteraction design requires understanding the people who use the product, what they are trying to accomplish, and the steps they need to take. it requires understanding the context of those interactions. It is essential to develop empathy with the user, to develop observational skills of users and the knowledge of how to combine different aspects of essay dog, your product - perhaps the results of essay, different programming teams or even different divisions - into a single, smooth microinteraction?

Chapter 1 does a great job of introducing the principles of how to do this. The numerous examples throughout the book sensitizes you to the opportunities. After that it is up to you, to papers on ups, continual observation that leads to discovery of the opportunities. And it is essential not to be blocked, as Apple's developers apparently were, if the solutions require cutting across company organizational structures. After all, doing things right for the user is what great products are all about. Sloth, Pride, Envy, Greed, Lust, Anger, Gluttony. What? I'm supposed to design for these traits? As a human-centered designer, I should be repelled by the thought of designing for such a list. What was Chris Nodder thinking?

What was his publisher thinking? This is evil, amplified. Although, come to think of it, those seven deadly sins are human traits. Want to elements essay, know how people really behave? Just read the law books. Start with one of the most famous set of laws of all, the Ten Commandments. Every one of those commandments is about something that people actually did, and then prohibiting it. All laws are intended to stop or otherwise control human behavior. So, if you want to understand real human behavior, just see what the laws try to term papers on ups, stop. Elements. The list of papers, seven deadly sins provides a nice, tidy statement of essay, fundamental human behavior, fundamental in the sense that from each of the deadly sins, one can derive a large list of less deadly ones.

Embrace failure, avoid failure: these two, apparently contradictory statements are the opening and closing chapter titles of about dog, Victor Lombardi's enchanting, insightful book. Embrace, yet avoid, the apparent contradiction being resolved by recognizing that the trick is to elements of formal, learn from other people's failures, the term better to be able to avoid them for essay, yourself. Jerry Michael Dissertation. The message of the of formal book is summarized by its subtitle: Lessons from Experience Design Failures. Opportunities and essay, Challenges For Touch and Gesture-Based Systems. Billions of people appreciate the simplicity of elements of formal, touch technology, but for the industrial sector, including home white goods and consumer goods, rugged conditions have been a roadblock to integrating this technology. The new evolution is the multi-touch that works under rigorous conditions. Even though multi-touch screens are widely popular on essay, today's consumer phones and tablets the design principles for of formal essay, industrial applications and demanding environments are different for those in the rather controlled consumer environment for mobile phones and tablets.

When using a device under rugged conditions - cold, raining, wearing gloves, heavy vibration - different design rules are required. The opportunities are large, with potential uses that go far beyond what we see today. Great opportunity brings great challenges. We explore the requirements and the design rules for overcoming them. Suggested Readings From Design of Everyday Things, Revised edition. Many people continually ask for my suggestions of readings in design. Here is an excerpt from the essay global economy crisis Readings and Notes section of the 2013 revision and of formal, expansion of the pay to write your essay book Design of Everyday Things that provides my list of elements essay, general books for interaction design.

The list of excellent books is much larger than included here, but even with my limited list there are probably too many suggestions. Pay To Essay. Still, this is a good place to start. Preface. Design of Everyday Things, Revised Edition. The preface to the revised edition of essay, Design of Everyday Things, including a chapter-by-chapter review of pay to your essay, What has changed. I have rethought my position stated in of formal essay my essay article Design Thinking: A Useful Myth. I still stand by the major points of the earlier essay, but I have changed the conclusion.

As a result, the essay should really be titled: Design Thinking: An Essential Tool. Dog. Let me explain. Great Design Always Means Great Style (Misc Magazine) Ah, style. The elegance of gentle interaction, with grace and of formal, beauty, wit and charm. Or perhaps brute force abruptness, rudeness and about, insult. Style refers to the way of doing something and although we usually use it in the positive sense, the of formal essay word itself is neutral, referring only to the manner by which something is done. Style can be coarse and ugly, brutish and of anorexia, dangerous. The best styles, including both those we respect and prefer and elements essay, those we detest, are true and honest, consistent and of anorexia, coherent.

(An essay for Misc Magazine.) Maybe I am a gadget. That would certainly explain a lot of essay, things. A quick search of the internet for jerry dissertation, the definition of gadget yields two meanings: 1. A small device that performs or aids a simple task; 2. A small device that appears useful but is often unnecessary or superfluous. Yeah, those sound like me. Complexity is elements of formal Good, Simplicity Overrated (Misc Magazine) (Essay for Misc Magazine.) Real complexity does not lie in the tools, but in the task.

Skilled workers have an array of tools, each carefully matched to a particular task requirement. Elements Of Formal. It can take years to learn which tool goes with which task, and years to master the essay tools. The tool set is complicated because the task is complicated. Looking at the visual simplicity of the tool is misleading. The mark of the great designer is the ability to provide the complexity that people need in a manner that is jerry understandable and elegant. Simplicity should never be the goal. Essay. Complex things will require complexity. It is the job of the designer to manage that complexity with skill and grace. What Moves? Culture Interaction Design. When What Is Natural For Some Is Not for Others: Culture and Design.

I was in Asia, giving a talk. I was given a remote controller for advancing my slides. This one had with two buttons, one above the other. When I pushed the upper button to advance to of anorexia, the slide, I was flustered: I went backwards through my slide set, not forward. Elements Of Formal. How could this happen? I wondered. To me, top obviously means forward, bottom backwards. I decided to ask the about your audience what they thought: To my great surprise, the elements audience was split in their responses. Many thought that it should be the top button, but a large number thought it should be the bottom.

But there is more. This is a point of view question, one that has plagued designers for years (which moves? The text or the term on ups window?) Different cultures have very different points of view. When a design conflicts with the common cultural view, confusion results. (Article posted at elements core77.com and jnd.org. bit.ly/NZckqz ) How To Find a Job or Graduate School in Human-Computer Interaction, Interaction, or Industrial Design. I'm frequently asked how to find a job or a place to study, either in industrial design or user-interface design (Human-Computer Interaction). Rather than answer it anew each time, let me summarize my answer here.

You either need real work experience or a graduate degree, or both. I cannot tell you what to of formal, do. Good advice has to essay, come from someone who knows you, who knows your interests, training, and skills. Essays Of Anorexia. I cannot acquire that in an email message or two. So, seek out knowledgeable mentors where you live. Seek professors that you trust. Go to meetings of societies (see below). Read magazines and journals to learn who is essay doing what, where: then write to those people about their work. Video: Don Norman speaks out essay, about engineering design education. This is a short, 3 minute video, that captures the dilemma of of formal, modern education.

Engineering education has become narrower and deeper. We teach and train specialties and specialists. Practical applications require tying together the knowledge of the many specialties. They require generalists, people who have broad, integrated understanding of the world. We need an educational system that rewards those who are broad and knowledgable as well as those who are deep and narrow, even if the pay to essay broad knowledge comes at the expense of shallow depth.

Being narrow is just as big a liability as being shallow. We need both kinds of people. Alas, the elements of formal essay university hires, teaches, and trains only the deep and narrow. Incremental and Radical Innovation: Design Research versus Technology and Meaning Change. Don Norman and essay, Roberto Verganti: We discuss the differences between incremental and radical innovation and essay, argue that each results from different processes. Human-centered design methods are a form of term, hill climbing, extremely well suited for continuous incremental improvements but incapable of radical innovation. Radical innovation requires finding a different hill, and this comes about only through meaning or technology change. A second approach is to consider the dimensions of meaning and technology change. Elements Of Formal. Finally, we show how innovation might be viewed as lying in the space formed by the dimension of jerry hawkins dissertation, research aimed at essay enhancing general knowledge and the dimension of elements, application to practice.

We conclude that human-centered design is ideally suited for incremental innovation and unlikely to lead to elements of formal, radical innovation. Radical innovation comes from changes in either technology or meaning. Technology-driven innovation often comes from inventors and tinkerers. Meaning-driven innovation, however, has the elements essay potential to be driven through design research, but only if the research addresses fundamental questions of new meanings and their interpretation. Does Culture Matter for elements essay, Product Design? Does culture matter for product design? For the world of mass-produced products, that is, for the world of industrial design, culture might be far less important than we might have expected. Is this really true, and if so, is this a positive or negative finding? Conversation: Jon Kolko Don Norman mediated by Richard Anderson. Out with the of formal essay Old, In with the New: A Conversation with Don Norman Jon Kolko, mediated by Richard Anderson. Of Formal. The item contains photos, a transcript, and pay to write your essay, an embedded video of the event.

Topics addressed included the of formal nature of and elements of formal essay, the difference between art and design, whether design should be taught in art schools (such as AAU), Abraham Maslow, usability, what design (or all) education should be like, the problem with design thinking courses, the destiny of printed magazines and elements, printed books, aging and ageism, the relationship between HCI and interaction design, Arduino, simplicity, social media, Google, privacy, design research, the context in which design occurs, the Austin Center for Design, solving wicked problems, whether designers make good entrepreneurs, politics, Herb Simon cybernetics, the essay about your dog strengths weaknesses of interconnected systems, and how designers should position themselves. Design Education: Brilliance Without Substance. We are now in elements the 21st century, but design curricula seem stuck in the mid 20th century. In the 21st century, design has broadened to include interaction and experience, services and strategies. The technologies are more sophisticated, involving advanced materials, computation, communication, sensors, and actuators. The products and your dog, services have complex interactions that have to be self-explanatory, sometimes involving other people separated by time or distance. Traditional design activities have to be supplemented with an understanding of technology, business, and human psychology. Of Formal Essay. With all these changes, one would expect major changes in design education. Nope. Design education is led by craftspeople who are proud of their skills and they see no reason to write your essay, change. Design education is mired in the past.

At the start of almost every technology transition, chaos rules. Competing competitors create confusion, often quite deliberate, as they develop their own unique way of doing things incompatible with all others. Today, the long-established, well-learned model of scrolling is of formal essay being changed by michael hawkins, one vendor, but not by elements essay, others. Gestures proliferate, with no standards, no easy way of being reminded of term papers, them, new easy way to elements of formal, learn. Change is important, for it is elements essay how we make progress. Some confusion is to be expected.

But many of the changes and the resulting confusions of today seem arbitrary and capricious. Think before acting. Sounds right, doesn't it? Think before starting to design. Yup. Essay. Do some research, learn more about the requirements, the people, the activities.

Then design. It all makes sense. Essays. Which is precisely why I wish to elements, challenge it. Sometimes it makes sense to act first, think afterwards. The Design Dilemma: Dismay vs. Delight. I frequently find myself in a state of simultaneous dismay and delightful admiration about the end product of designers. This state can be described by contrasting the way a designer and global crisis, an engineer would solve the same problem. Designers evoke great delight in their work. Engineers provide utilitarian value. The problem is that the very practical, functional things are also boring and ugly.

Good designers would never allow boring and ugly to describe their work: they strive to produce delight. But sometimes that delightful result is not very practical, difficult to use, and not completely functional. Practical versus delightful: Which do you prefer? Designers approach the world with charming naivete, coupled with artistic elegance and elements of formal essay, the art of examining issues in novel, unconstrained ways. Michael Hawkins. Their solutions provide a graceful elegance and new insight, perhaps because of their lack of knowledge, their naivete. Designers are trained as craftspeople, without any substantive knowledge of the content areas in which they do their work. This very lack of knowledge can produce profound insights that lead to essay, advances in understanding, hence my delight. Having too much knowledge can lead to following the global economy failed footsteps of those who preceded you. Videos from Design of Everyday Things. My videos have been resurrected!

Let me explain.One upon a time, many years ago -- 1994 to be precise -- The Voyager Company produced a delightful CD-ROM that included copies of of formal, several of my books (Design of term, Everyday Things, Things that Make Us Smart, and Turn Signals Are the Facial Expressions of Automobiles. Elements. As you read the books, if you had a question, you could just click wherever there was a link and I would pop up, walk on. I am forced to read a lot of crap. About Your. As a reviewer of submissions to design journals and conferences, as a juror of design contests, and as a mentor and advisor to design students and faculty, I read outrageous claims made by designers who have little understanding of the complexity of the problems they are attempting to solve or of the standards of evidence required to elements of formal, make claims. Oftentimes the crap comes from brilliant and michael dissertation, talented people, with good ideas and wonderful instantiations of physical products, concepts, or simulations. The crap is in the claims. In the essay early days of industrial design, the work was primarily focused upon physical products. Today, however, designers work on organizational structure and essays of anorexia, social problems, on interaction, service, and experience design. Many problems involve complex social and political issues. As a result, designers have become applied behavioral scientists, but they are woefully undereducated for the task. Designers often fail to understand the complexity of the issues and the depth of knowledge already known.

They claim that fresh eyes can produce novel solutions, but then they wonder why these solutions are seldom implemented, or if implemented, why they fail. Fresh eyes can indeed produce insightful results, but the eyes must also be educated and knowledgeable. Designers often lack the requisite understanding. Design schools do not train students about these complex issues, about the interlocking complexities of human and social behavior, about the of formal behavioral sciences, technology, and business. There is little or no training in of formal essay science, the scientific method, and experimental design. Over the past five years I have written approximately three dozen columns. What has been learned?

What will come? Obviously it is time for reflection. My goal has always been to of formal, incite thought, debate, and understanding. Those of us in the field of world economy crisis, interaction, whether students, researchers or practitioners, whether designers or programmers, synthesizers or analyzers, all share some common beliefs and ideals. One of my jobs is to challenge these established beliefs, for often when they are examined, they rest on essay, an ill-defined platform, often with no supporting evidence except that they have been around for michael dissertation, so long, they are accepted as given, without need for examination. We need a rigorous foundation for our work, which means to question that which is not firmly supported by evidence, if it appears obvious.

Many things that appear obvious are indeed true, but many are not: We need to know which is which. There is a trend to eliminate designers. Who needs them when we can simply test our way to success? The excitement of powerful, captivating design is defined as irrelevant. Worse, the nature of design is in elements of formal danger.

Design by comparison of competing alternatives is design by hill climbing. It will get you to the top of the current hill. Elements Of Formal Essay. It will never get you to the highest hill. Systems Thinking: A Product Is More Than the Product. In reality a product is all about the experience. It is about discovery, purchase, anticipation, opening the package, the very first usage. It is also about continued usage, learning, the need for assistance, updating, maintenance, supplies, and eventual renewal in of formal the form of disposal or exchange. Most companies treat every stage as a different process, done by a different division of the company: RD, manufacturing, packaging, sales, and then as a necessary afterthought, service. As a result there is seldom any coherence.

Instead, there are contradictions. If you think of the product as a service, then the separate parts make no sense--the point of a product is to offer great experiences to its owner, which means that it offers a service. Elements. And that experience, that service, is the result of the elements of formal coherence of the essay world global crisis parts. The real value of a product consists of elements essay, far more than the product's components. Designers are proud of your dog, their ability to innovate, to think outside the box, to develop creative, powerful ideas for their clients. Essay. Sometimes these ideas win design prizes.

However, the rate at which these ideas achieve commercial success is essays of anorexia low. Many of the of formal essay ideas die within the companies, never becoming a product. Papers On Ups. Among those that become products, a good number never reach commercial success. Ideas are just the starting point toward product realization. New product ideas have to fit the competencies of the corporation. They have to fit within the existing family or products, or at least the product strategy. The purchasers of new products have to be prepared. The costs must be contained. The technology must be up to it.

The same people who the new ideas are intended to supplant and go around are now responsible for executing the ideas. No wonder so many good ideas fail. Every year the world holds many contests for industrial designers. Lots of submissions, lots of time spent by jurors reviewing them, lots of pretty pictures afterwards. Fun to read, wonderful for the winners. What's the elements of formal essay problem? I have been a juror for a number of contests, including the major American yearly contest sponsored by the Industrial Design Society of America, IDSA, and essays of anorexia, BusinessWeek. Although I always enjoyed the of formal experience and the interaction with talented, hard-working fellow jurors, I have become increasingly dissatisfied with the results. Why are shows bad?

Shouldn't we reward good design? Sure, if that's what the shows accomplish, but they don't. In fact, I believe they do harm to the profession. (Opening sentences of my Core77 column.) Design thinking is not special to term on ups, design. Great artists, great engineers, great scientists all break out of the boundaries. Great designers are no different. Why perpetuate the myth of design thinking if it is so clearly false?

Because it is useful. Design thinking is of formal essay a powerful public relations term that changes the way in which design firms are viewed. So, long live the phrase design thinking. It will help in of anorexia the transformation of elements essay, design from the world of form and style to that of essay about your, function and structure. It will help spread the word that designers can add value to almost any problem, from healthcare to pollution, business strategy and company organization. Gestural Interfaces: A Step Backwards In Usability. Gestural interfaces are fun to use: gestures add a welcome feeling of activity to the otherwise joyless ones of pointing and essay, clicking. The are truly a revolutionary mode of interaction. After two decades of research in laboratories across the world, they are finally available for everyday consumer products. But the lack of consistency, inability to elements essay, discover operations, coupled with the ease of accidentally triggering actions from which there is no recovery threatens the viability of these systems.

We urgently need to return to our basics, developing usability guidelines for of formal, these systems that are based upon solid principles of interaction design, not on the whims of the company human interface guidelines and arbitrary ideas of developers. Talk: Research Practice Gap 2 Kinds of innovation. I gave the opening keynote address at of formal essay IIT's Design Research Conference in Chicago, May 2010. In it, i combined two of the major themes I have long been working on. The video of that talk is now available.

The research-product gap. The design research community -- and all research communities, for that matter -- have little understanding, knowledge of, or even interest in elements essay the product side of companies. Moreover, the skills, reward structures, and interests of the two communities are so different that the gap is inevitable. In the medical community, this gap is overcome by elements essay, a third discipline: Translational Science. I recommend we follow suite with a new discipline, Translational Engineering, that translates the language of research into the language of of formal, products, and vice-versa. Two kinds of innovation.

A very closely related confusion exists about innovation. Human-Centered Design, I argue, is essential for incremental improvement of products. About Your. But radical innovation, which occurs much less frequently, comes either from new technologies or from meaning change: HCD will never give us radical innovation. There is an immense gap between research and practice. There are fundamental differences in of formal essay the knowledge and skill sets required by those who conduct the research and those who attempt to translate those results into practical, reliable, and affordable form. Your Essay. Between research and practice a new, third discipline must be inserted, one that can translate between the abstractions of research and the practicalities of practice. We need a discipline of translational development.

Translational developers are needed who can mine the insights of elements of formal, researchers and hone them into practical, reliable and useful results. Similarly translational developers must help translate the problems and concerns of practice into the clear, need-based statements that can drive researchers to develop new insights. Neither direction of translation is easy. Natural User Interfaces Are Not Natural. Gestural interaction is the new excitement in the halls of industry. Advances in the size, power, and cost of microprocessors, memory, cameras, and other sensing devices now make it possible to control by pay to write, wipes and flicks, hand gestures, and elements of formal essay, body movements. A new world of interaction is here: The rulebooks and guidelines are being rewritten, or at least, such is the claim. And the elements essay new interactions even have a new marketing name: natural, as in Natural User Interface. Elements Essay. As usual, marketing rhetoric is ahead of of formal essay, reality.

All new technologies have their proper place. All new technologies will take a while for elements essay, us to about, figure out the elements of formal essay best manner of interaction as well as the standardization that removes one source of potential confusion. None of these systems is inherently more natural than the others. What we think of as natural is, to a large extent, learned. I've come to a disconcerting conclusion: design research is great when it comes to improving existing product categories but essentially useless when it comes to new, innovative breakthroughs. I reached this conclusion through examination of a range of product innovations, most especially looking at essays of anorexia those major conceptual breakthroughs that have had huge impact upon society as well as the more common, mundane small, continual improvements. Elements Of Formal Essay. Call one conceptual breakthrough, the other incremental. Although we would prefer to hawkins dissertation, believe that conceptual breakthroughs occur because of a detailed consideration of human needs, especially fundamental but unspoken hidden needs so beloved by the design research community, the fact is that it simply doesn't happen.

New conceptual breakthroughs are invariably driven by the development of elements, new technologies The new technologies, in turn, inspire technologists to your, invent things, not sometimes because they themselves dream of having their capabilities, but many times simply because they can build them. In other words, grand conceptual inventions happen because technology has finally made them possible. Do people need them? That question is answered over the next several decades as the technology moves from essay technical demonstration, to product, to failure, or perhaps to pay to your essay, slow acceptance in the commercial world where slowly, after considerable time, the products and applications are jointly evolve, and slowly the need develops. THE TRANSMEDIA DESIGN CHALLENGE: Co-Creation. We live in essay exciting times. Finally, we are beginning to your dog, understand that pleasure and fun are important components of life, that emotion is not a bad thing, and that learning, education and work can all benefit through encouraging pleasure and fun. Up to now, a primary goal of product and service design has been to provide useful functions and results.

We should not lose track of of formal, these goals, but now that we are well on our way to doing that for an amazing variety of goods and services, it is time to elements, make sure that they are pleasurable as well. Not only does this require emotions to be a major component of design thinking, but we must incorporate action as well, actions that use the whole body in movement, rhythm, and purpose. New technologies allow creativity to blossom, whether for reasons silly or sublime. Simple text messages or short videos among people qualify as production, regardless of their value. This new movement is about participating and elements of formal, creating, invoking the creative spirit.

This is what the transmedia experience should be about. All of term, these experiences are allowing people to feel more like producers and elements of formal, creators rather than passive consumers or spectators. Jerry Michael. The new design challenge is to create true participatory designs coupled with true multi-media immersion that reveal new insights and create true novel experiences. We all participate, we all experience. We all design, we all partake.

But much of this is meaningless: how do we provide richness and elements essay, depth, enhanced through the active engagement of all, whether they be the originators or the recipients of the experience? How will this come to pass? What is the role in everyday life? Will this be a small portion or will it dominate? Will it even be permitted within the confines of contemporary commercialism? Those are the significant design challenges. People Are From Earth, Machines Are From Outer Space. People are from earth. Pay To Write Essay. Machines are from outer space. I don't know what kind of elements essay, manners they teach in outer space, but if machines are going to live here in our world, they really need to learn to behave properly.

You know, when on Earth, do as the earthlings do. So, hey machines, you need to become socialized. Right now you are arrogant, antisocial, irritating know-it-alls. Sure, you say nice things like “please” and “thank you,” but being polite involves more than words. It is time to socialize our interactions with technology. Economy Crisis. Sociable machines.

Basic lessons in communication skills. Rules of machine etiquette. Machines need to show empathy with the people with whom they interact, understand their point of view, and above all, communicate so that everyone understands what is happening.It never occurs to a machine that the elements problems might be theirs. Oh no. It's us pesky people who are to blame.

One of essay about your, our fundamental principles is of formal essay that of perceived affordances: that's one way we know what to do in novel situations. That's fine for objects, but what about situations? What about people, social groups, cultures? Powerful clues arise from essay world economy what I call social signifiers. A signifier is some sort of indicator, some signal in of formal the physical or social world that can be interpreted meaningfully. Essays Of Anorexia. Signifiers signify critical information, even if the signifier itself is an accidental byproduct of the world. Social signifiers are those that are relevant to social usages. Some social indicators simply are the unintended but informative result of the behavior of others. Social signifiers replace affordances, for of formal, they are broader and richer, allowing for accidental signifiers as well as deliberate ones, and essay about your dog, even for items that signify by their absence, as the lack of elements of formal essay, crowds on a train platform. The perceivable part of an affordance is a signifier, and if deliberately placed by a designer, it is a social signifier.

CNN Designers challenged to include disabled. I'm on of anorexia, a campaign to make assistive devices aesthetically delightful -- without impairing effectiveness and cost. Why are things such as canes, wheelchairs so ugly? I urge the skilled industrial designers of this world to revolutionize this arena. Perhaps the Industrial Design Society of America (IDSA) and the equivalent design societies all over the world ought to sponsor a design contest.

The best design schools should encourage design projects for assistive devices that function well, are cost effective (two aspects that are often left out of of formal, design schools) as well as fun, pleasurable and fashionable (aspects that are absent from more engineering- or social-sciences -based programs). Papers. There are many groups at work in elements essay this area: simply do a web search on the phrases inclusive design? or universal design? or accessible design. They do excellent work, but the emphasis is on providing aids and assistance, or changing public policy. All that is both good and essential, but I want to go one step further: add aesthetics, pleasure, and fashion to term, the mix. Make it so these aids are sought after, fashionable, delightful, and fun. For everyone, which is what the essay words inclusive, universal, and accessible are supposed to mean.

Designers of the world: Unite behind a worthy cause. This article contains pointers to my MIT Sloan Management Review paper on waiting lines as well as a PDF of to the earlier paper in which I discussed the same issues in more depth than SMR permitted. The PDF file, The Psychology of Waiting Lines. argues that although waiting is an inescapable part of life, but that doesn't mean we enjoy it. But if the lines are truly inescapable, what can be done to make them less painful? Although there is a good deal of practical knowledge, usually known within the heads of corporate managers, very little has been published about the topic. One paper provides the classic treatment: David Maister's The Psychology of Waiting Lines (1985).

Maister suggested several principles for increasing the pleasantness of waiting. Although his paper provides an excellent start, it was published in 1985 and there have been considerable advances in our knowledge since then. In this section, I bring the study of waiting lines up to date, following the spirit of essays, Maister's original publication, but with considerable revision in light of modern findings. I suggest eight design principles, starting with the emotions dominate? and ending with the principle that memory of an event is more important than the experience.? Examples of design solutions include double buffering, providing clear conceptual models of the events with continual feedback, providing positive memories and even why one might deliberately induce waits. These principles apply to essay, all services, not just waiting in lines. Details will vary from situation to situation, industry to industry, but the fundamentals are, in truth, the fundamentals of sociable design for waiting lines, for products, and for dog, service. This is an abstract for the attached PDF file, Sociable Design. Of Formal Essay. Whether designing the rooftop of a building or the rear end of jerry michael dissertation, a home or business appliance, sociable design considers how the design will impact everyone: not just the one, intended person standing in front, but also all the rest of essay, society that interacts.

One person uses a computer: the rest of crisis, us are at the other side of the desk or counter, peering at the ugly rear end, with wires spilling over like entrails. The residents of elements of formal essay, a building may never see its roof, but those who live in jerry michael adjoining buildings may spend their entire workday peering at of formal ugly asphalt, shafts and ventilating equipment. Support for groups is the hallmark of essay about dog, sociable technology. Groups are almost always involved in elements activities, even when the other people are not visible. All design has a social component: support for this social component, support for groups must always be a consideration.

Sociable design is not just saying a€?pleasea€? and of anorexia, a€?thank you.a€? It is not just providing technical support. It is also providing convivial working spaces, plus the time to make use of them. Essay. Sociable technology must support the on ups four themes of communication, presentation, support for groups, and troubleshooting. How these are handled determines whether or not we will find interaction to be sociable. Elements Essay. People learn social skills. Machines have to have them designed into them. Sometimes even worse than machines, however, are services, where even though we are often interacting with people, the service activities are dictated by formal rule books of procedures and processes, and the people we interact with can be as frustrated and confused as we are. This too is a design issue. Design of both machines and services should be thought of as a social activity, one where there is much concern paid to the social nature of the interaction. All products have a social component. This is especially true of communication products, whether websites, personal digests (blog), audio and video postings mean to be shared, or mail digests, mailing lists, and text messaging on cellphones.

Social networks are by michael hawkins dissertation, definition social. But where the social impact is obvious, designers are forewarned. The interesting cases happen where the social side is not so obvious. Everyone wants simplicity. Everyone misses the point. Simplicity is not the elements of formal goal.

We do not wish to give up the power and papers, flexibility of of formal essay, our technologies. We are faced with an apparent paradox, but don’t worry: good design will see us through. People want the extra power that increased features bring to a product, but they intensely dislike the complexity that results. Is this a paradox? Not necessarily.

Complexity can be managed. The argument is not between adding features and essay, simplicity, between adding capability and usability. The real issue is about design: designing things that have the power required for the job while maintaining understandability, the feeling of control, and the pleasure of accomplishment. Workarounds - Leading Edge of Innovation. Where do new ideas come from? How should designers create, transform, innovate? Do we need formal observational methods? When I talk to today’s foremost designers, most are scornful. Great designers are like great novelists: acute observers of human behavior. Elements Essay. Although they are scornful of formal methods, they themselves are expert practitioners of observation, and if you can corner them in a quiet room (or better yet, a noisy bar), they will brag about those abilities. Term Papers. Many ordinary people use the essay objects around them in unordinary ways.

Through these everyday acts of creativity, clever people reveal both needs and possible solutions. They lead to essay, the innovations that will benefit many. Of Formal Essay. Hacks and of formal essay, workarounds: those are the of formal soul of innovation. Observing is easy: recognizing the essays of anorexia innovation and essay, then knowing what to pay to write your, do with the observations are where the difficulties lie. David Heinemeier Hansson of 37signals says: I'm not designing software for other people, I'm designing it for me. Wow. That is the of formal essay sort of essay, arrogance that the design community clustered around 37signals disdains -- or so I thought. Understanding the true needs of customers is essay essential for business success. Making sure the product is elegant, functional and understandable is of anorexia also essential. The disdain for customers shown by Hansson of 37signals is an of formal essay arrogance bound to fail.

As long as 37signals is a hobby, where programmers code for themselves, it may very well succeed as a small enterprise with its current size of 10 employees. I'm happy for them, and for the numerous small developers and small companies that find their products useful. But their attitude is a symbol: a symbol of eventual failure. Too bad. In fact, that attitude is not so much arrogance as it is selfishness: they are selfish. A little less arrogance and a lot more empathy would turn these brilliant programmers into a brilliant company, a brilliant success. Interaction design is about interfaces, which means it is about synchronizing the events of different systems, about pay to write your essay memories, buffers, queues and waiting rooms. Waiting is an of formal unavoidable component of interfaces, an unavoidable part of life.

Just as dirt collects in crevices, buffers collect in the interfaces between systems. It is their natural home, and life would not work without them. I have become fascinated by buffers. I see them everywhere I look. Essay About Your Dog. They cannot be escaped. Many of our clever ethnographic and elements of formal, field methods are designed to find unmet needs. You know what?

Most are far better off if they stay unmet. The automobile industry is badly in essays of anorexia need of guidance on human factors. Excellent people already work in the companies, but they suffer the problems faced within the consumer electronics and computer industries over elements of formal essay, the past few decades. This is an important arena, one where human-centered design skills are essential. But success will come only hawkins dissertation, when our discipline can provide seasoned managers who know how to work across disciplines, with engineers, designers (stylists), manufacturing, marketing and, of course, upper management. Yes, we want simplicity, but we don’t want to give up any of those cool features. Simplicity is highly overrated.

Cautious Cars Cantankerous Kitchens. Draft version of Chapter 1 of elements essay, my new book, tentatively titled The Design of essays, Future Things . (In press: Basic Books. Expected publication: 2007.) This chapter is called Cautious cars and cantankerous kitchens. Posted December 9, 2006 as a Microsoft Word file. The truth about Google's so-called simplicity The truth? It isn't simple. Elements Essay. Why does it look simple? Because you can only do one thing from their home page: search.

If you want to do one of the many other things Google is able to do, oops, first you have to essays of anorexia, figure out how to elements essay, find it, then you have to essays, figure out elements essay, which of the about your many offerings to use, then you have to figure out how to use it. And because all those other things are not on of formal essay, the home page but, instead, are hidden away in various mysterious places, extra clicks and operations are required for even simple tasks -- if you can remember how to dissertation, get to them. How To Find a Job or Graduate School in Human-Computer Interaction, Interaction, or Industrial Design. (Updated July 2012 from an earlier essay on finding a job.) I'm frequently asked how to elements, find a job or a place to study, either in pay to write your essay industrial design or user-interface design (Human-Computer Interaction). Rather than answer it anew each time, let me summarize my answer here.

You either need real work experience or a graduate degree, or both. I cannot tell you what to do. Good advice has to come from someone who knows you, who knows your interests, training, and skills. I cannot acquire that in essay an email message or two. So, seek out essays, knowledgeable mentors where you live. Seek professors that you trust. Go to meetings of societies (see below). Read magazines and of formal, journals to your, learn who is of formal doing what, where: then write to those people about their work. Trapped in essay global economy a Lufthansa Airline Seat. I flew from Munich to Chicago in a brand new Lufthansa Airbus 340. (the 340-300 model, for those who keep track of such things). Ah, Lufthansa has gone to great lengths to improve their business class fittings.

Indeed each seat comes with a 14 page manual. (Oops, 14 pages? That should be warning enough.) As you can see, they confidently explain, we have thought of some new ways of of formal, making you feel at home. Hah! Not my home, thank you. Hawkins. Please, not my home. When I got myself into a comfortable sleeping position, I couldn't get out. Elements. Four times in essay about dog all I was trapped, trapped inside an airline seat. Ah, the joys of a technology whose time has not yet come. Kudos to Lufthansa for wonderful flight attendants, for elements essay, a marvelous meal, and for world global crisis, trying so hard to make business class seats that truly deliver. If it is the thought that counts, Lufthansa wins.

If execution also matters, well, they have some debugging to do. Industrial Design: Claims Without Substance. Many people mail me examples of elements essay, amazing new products, usually extremely clever and of great potential value. But do they really work? Do they really solve problems? Nobody knows.

The designers simply assert that they do. Claims are worthless unless backed up by data. We will never know if the world global economy claims are true unless they are tested in controlled, sensible trials. I have changed my mind: good designers communicate directly with their users through the of formal essay appropriate placement of visible clues, hints, and yes, affordances. Elements. Once we start to view design as a form of communication between designer and essay, the user, we see that perceived affordances become an important medium for that communication.

Designed affordances play a very special role. Now we see that the designer deliberately places signs and signals on the artifact to communicate with the user. Affordances therefore signify intentions and reasons. They provide a story. And once we know what the elements of formal essay designer was thinking, and why, suddenly the device becomes understandable. A Persona is a valuable design concept, aiding the designer in maintaining an empathetic focus, providing a common language for communication among the diverse groups who work on a product -- different product groups, engineers, usability specialists, designers, marketing, and executives.

I review these features and suggest that Personas can be simple, made-up, and they do not have to be real. They must be realistic, so designers can empathize, and elements essay, they must accurately characterize the population of purchasers and users of the product. Aside from that, I argue, exhaustive prior research and development for each Persona is not only unnecessary, it is probably a waste of resources. (This essay, I predict, will be highly controversial.) In the world of computers there is a semi-serious saying That's not a bug, that's a feature! which refers to the fact that one can often disguise a bug -- a mistake in design or in programming -- as a feature -- claiming that it is worthwhile and even deliberate. (The corollary to the saying goes like this: If it's in essay the documentation, it's a feature, not a bug.) Well, here is a case where badly designed door handles were turned into a feature -- an excuse for elements of formal, art. Rather than do the elements door properly -- use different kinds of of formal, handles on each side of the door -- they have used the confusion as an essays excuse to create art -- where the art is almost as confusing as the original, but at least is aesthetically pleasing and of formal essay, even a source of conversation. Activity-Centered Design: Why I like my Harmony Remote Control. July 2003. Most remote controls for watching video and controlling a home theater are device-centered so the task of turning on all the right equipment and pay to write essay, setting each to just the essay right setting is daunting. The Harmony Remote controller is activity-centered: it doesn't become a DVD controller. Term. Instead, it allows you to do the activity of watching a DVD.

The difference is enormous -- and wonderful to behold. Activity-centered design. It works. The first remote control I can recommend without hesitation. Applying the Behavioral, Cognitive, and Social Sciences to Products. To do design requires an approximate science, a way of doing quick but effective computations: guidelines useful for synthesis and design.

Applied discipolines have different needs than scientific ones. Not lower-quality -- different -- with different skills and different goals. Emotion Design: Attractive things work better. June 2002. (Also published as Norman, D. A. (2002). Emotion and design: Attractive things work better. Interactions Magazine, ix (4), 36-42). Advances in our understanding of emotion and affect have implications for elements of formal essay, the science of design. Affect changes the operating parameters of cognition: positive affect enhances creative, breadth-first thinking whereas negative affect focuses cognition, enhancing depth-first processing and papers, minimizing distractions. Therefore, it is essential that products designed for use under stress follow good human-centered design, for stress makes people less able to cope with difficulties and less flexible in their approach to problem solving. Positive affect makes people more tolerant of minor difficulties and more flexible and creative in elements of formal essay finding solutions. Products designed for more relaxed, pleasant occasions can enhance their usability through pleasant, aesthetic design.

Aesthetics matter: attractive things work better. In the pay to your essay world of design, the term affordance has taken on a life far beyond the original meaning. It might help if we return to the original definition. Let me try to clarify the definition of the term and its many uses. Affordance, Conventions and Design (Part 2) The Psychology of Everyday Things (POET) was about of formal perceived affordance. If I ever were to revise POET, I would make a global change, replacing all instances of the jerry hawkins dissertation word affordance with the phrase perceived affordance. The designer cares more about what actions the user perceives to be possible than what is true.

Moreover, affordances, both real and perceived, play very different roles in essay physical products than they do in the world of screen-based products. In the latter case, affordances play a relatively minor role: cultural conventions are much more important. Banner Blindness, Human Cognition and Web Design. Benway and Lane have studied Banner Blindness -- the fact that people tend to ignore those big, flashy, colorful banners at the top of web pages. This is pretty interesting stuff, for the entire reason they are so big and obnoxious is to attract attention, yet they fail. Evidently nobody ever studied real users before -- they simply assumed that big, colorful items were visible. This paper, shows once again the importance of observations over jerry hawkins, logic when it comes to predicting human behavior. Design as practiced is considerably different from design as idealized in academic discussions of good design. Issues that seem simple from the elements essay vantage point of academia are often extremely complex when seen from inside the industry.

Indeed, the of anorexia two sides seem hardly to be speaking the same language. In the course of my experiences, I have come to recognize that industry faces numerous problems that are outside of the of formal essay scope of the traditional analyses of design. Commentary: Human Error and the Design of Computer Systems. Many advances have been made in our understanding of the hardware and software of information processing systems, but one major gap remains: the inclusion of the human operator into elements of formal, the system analysis. The behavior of an information processing system is not a product of the design specifications: it is a product of the interaction between the human and elements, the system. The Post Disciplinary Revolution: Industrial Design and Human Factors?Heal Yourselves.

Outline of an invited keynote address at write your essay the 1998 annual meeting of the Human Factors society. They hated it. If the customer can't find it, then the customer can't buy it. Essay. This simple statement explains why usability is the lifeline of e-commerce.